Colonel Simon Fraser, Commanding Officer
78th Regiment of Foot, 1757-63

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Early Newspaper Accounts for the 78th Regiment [2nd Highland Battalion]

1757
Schofields Middlewich Journal, or Cheshire
Advertiser
January 4, 1757. [NUMB 27.]
The two Regiments raising in the Highlands are to consist of 1000 Men each, to be commanded by Col. Fraser, Son of the late Lord Lovat, and Major Montgomery, Brother to the Earl of Eglington. No Lowlanders to be received into these Regiments, but are to be raised from the following Clans, viz. the Campbell's, the Mackenzie's, the Frazer's, the Macdonald's and the Grants.

London Gazette
From Tuesday, January, 18, 1757, to Saturday, January 22, 1757. NUMB. 9654
Whitehall, United Kingdom, January 22.  His Majesty has been graciously pleased to appoint Gentlemen to be Officers in the Second Highland Battalion of Foot to be forthwith raised for His Majesty's Service.

Simon Fraser, Esq; Lieutenant Colonel Commandant.
Esqrs. Majors:
James Clephane
John Campbell

Esqrs. Captains:
Thomas Fraser
John McPherson
John Campbell
Simon Fraser
Donald McDonald
John McDonnell
Charles Baillie

J. Crawford Walkinshaw, Captain Lieutenant.

Lieutenant:
John Fraser
Archibald McDonald
Simon Fraser
Ronald McDonald
John McDougal
Charles McDonnell
Simon Fraser
Hector McDonald
Hugh Cameron
Simon Fraser
William McDonald
[.....] McToth
John Murray
Rory McNeil
Alexander Fraser
Archibald Campbell
Donald Mac Lean
James Fraser
Alexander Mac Leod

Ensigns:
Simon Fraser
Archibald McAllister
William Fraser
James Fraser
Allan Stuart
Evan Cameron
Lachlan McLachlan
[.....] Chisholme
John Fraser

Staff Officers:
[.....], Chaplain
John McLean, Surgeon
[.....], Adjutant
[.....], Quarter Master

The Public Advertiser  NEW
Monday, January 24, 1757  
We hear that Frazer's Battalion of Highlanders is near compleated, and the other in great Forwardness.

London Read Weekly, or British Gazetteer
Saturday, January 29, 1757. Nº 39010
To expedite the raising of the two Highland Battalions of foot to be sent to North America, we hear, that the Captain of each company has undertaken to raise fifty men; the two Lieutenants twenty men each, and the Ensign ten; by which means each company will be complete in six weeks from the date of their commissions, and are to make together a body of 2000 men. The two battalions to be raised in the Highlands are to be in the Highland dress, both officers and men.

Schofields Middlewich Journal, or Cheshire Advertiser
Tuesday, February 1, 1757. [NUMB. 31]
A Bill is depending for the better recruiting his Majesty's Army ; in which there is a Clause for giving Three Pounds Bounty to every Man who voluntarily enters, and discharging them after three Years Service.

The Public Advertiser
Thursday, February 3, 1757
Glasgow, Jan. 24. On Wednesday an Order was received from London, to provide 2400 pairs of shoes and also Shoulder-Belts for the two Highland Regiments now raising.

Schofields Middlewich Journal : Cheshire Advertiser
Tuesday, February 22, 1757
Extract of a Letter from Edinburgh, dated Feb. 8. We are affured that most of the Commissioners appointed by the Recruiting Act in Scotland have exerted themselves with a most laudable Spirit and Dispatch, for his Majesty's Service, in raising the necessary Supplies of good and able Men to compleat the new Levies, and that with the greatest Care and Attention, for the Ease and Welfare of his Majesty's Subjects. That the City of Edinburgh, and the Shires of Air, Renfrew, Kirkoudbright, Selkirk, Wigton, Dumbarton, Linlithgow, Cromarty, Nairn, Bamff, Aberdeen, Kincardine, Forfar, Fife, and Clackmannan, have already sent in their full Compliments: That the City of Edinburgh, and the Shire of Air, Renfrew, Dumbarton, Forfar, Fife, Kincardine, Aberdeen, and Cromarty, have also added some more Men to their Numbers, and are still continuing to exert themselves on the Service of their King and Country, by turning over from time to time, proper Men for Soldiers: that the Shires of Edinburgh, Perth, Dumfries, Rofs and Elgin, want but very few to complete their respective Quotes ; and it in not in the least doubted that the other Commissioners will use their utmost Care and Diligence to furnish immediately their Numbers of young and able Men for this public and important Service. Upwards of thirteen Hundred Men have been raised in the above mentioned Counties, in the Space of three Weeks, most of whom are young, of good Size and Appearance; and the Commissioners are unanimously resolved not to harbour any of them who shall desert, but to seize and return them immediately to their respective Corps. Many men have also inlisted voluntarily in the said Counties to avoid being impressed.
They write from Edinburgh, that the levying of the new Highland Battalions goes on successfully in the North, and particularly that the Munro Company was compleated in about 10 Days.

The Public Advertiser
Friday, March 25, 1757. NUMB. 6093
The Recruits quartered about Town belonging to the Highland Battalions are ordered to march in order to embark. 

London Read Weekly, or British Gazeteer
Saturday, March 26, 1757. Nº 3918
Edinburgh, March 17. On the 2d instant marched from Aberdeen for Inverness, [being head quarters] the first detachment of Capt. Simon Fraser's company [in the second battalion of Col. Fraser's Highland Regiment] consisting of eighty two; the remainder forty eight, are kept in the country on the recruiting business, in all, one hundred and thirty. They are all well made fellow, mostly Highlanders and speak the Irish language; and were all raised and enlisted in the space of five weeks. 

The General Evening Post
From Saturday April 2, to Tuesday, April 5, 1757. No. 3627
London, April 2. Orders are dispatched to the North, for the two Battalions of Highlanders immediately to march to Port Patrick, from whence they are to proceed with all Expedition to Corke, in order to embark for America. Tis said each of the Battalions have about 200 Men above their Compliment.

London Evening-Post
From Saturday, April 9, 1757, to Tuesday, April 12, 1757. NUMB. 4591
Dublin, April 2. The two Highland Battalions raised in Scotland, are to land at Donaghadee, and marched from thence to Corke, to embark with other Forces for America.
We hear the Regiments commanded by Lieut. Gen. Phillip Anstruther, Major Gen. John Folliot, and Col. Yorke, are to embark from Scotland for this Kingdom, and land at Donaghadee; and that Maj. Gen. Lambton's and Col. Anstruther's Regiments are to be sent from England to land at Corke, to replace the Forces order'd to America. 

London Read Weekly Journal or British Gazeteer
Saturday, April 9, 1757. Nº 3920
Admirality Office. April 5. Orders are dispatched to the north for the two battalions of Highlanders immediately to march to Port Patrick, from whence they are to proceed with all expedition to Cork, in order to embark to America. 'Tis faid each of the battalions have about 200 men above their compliment.

The Public Advertiser
Thursday, April 21, 1757. NUMB. 7016
Edinburgh, April 14. The Remainder of the two Highland Battalions will be at Glasgow this week where they are to be review'd in their Uniforms on Wednesday next, immediately after which they will proceed to Port Patrick, in their way to Cork.

The Evening Advertiser
Thursday, April 28, 1757. No. 91
Dublin, April 23. Last Monday two officers set out for Donaghadee, in order to conduct the two highland battalions to Cork for embarkation.

The Public Advertiser
Saturday, May 7, 1757. NUMB 7030
Edinburgh, April 30. Thursday, the 2d Battalion of Highlanders, commanded by Col. Montgomery, marched from Glasgow to Port-Patrick, in order to embark for Iceland. Colonel Frazer's Battalion will march Next week.

The Magazine of Magazines: Compiled From Original Papers
Friday, June 17, 1757
His Majesty's Ship Enterprize of 40 Guns arrived at Cork, as did the Achilles of 64 guns, Hon. Capt. Barrington at Limerick, to take under convoy the East Indiamen there.
Note: The ship Enterprize arrived at Cork from Portsmouth and would sail for Canada within two weeks with Fraser's Highlanders on board the different transport vessels.

The Gentleman and London's Magazine
Thursday, June 30, 1757
Sailed from Cork his majesty's ship Falkland 50 guns for South Carolina, the Enterprize of 40 guns for Nova Scotia, and the Stork sloop of 10 guns for Jamaica, with 20 sail of transports, having on board the two Highland battalions commanded by the Cols. Montgomery and Frazer, and the West India fleet.

Journal of Hugh Gaine
July 8, 1757
This Day by way of Philadelphia, we have advice of the sailing of the Fleet, from Cork, with 5000 Forces only instead of 9000 as was reported under Convoy of 15 Sail of the Line, 2 Frigates, 2 Bombs, 21 Storeships and Fifty-five Transports; They sailed from Cork the 8th of May. The Highland Regiments, nor the Ships from England, were not arrived at Cork, but 'twas [said?] they would soon arrive there, and Sail for America under Convoy of five Ships of the Line.

The Public Advertiser
Tuesday, July 12, 1757. Numb 7056
Corke, Ireland, June 30. This Morning failed from Cove his Majesty's Ship Falkland for South Carolina, the Enterprise for Nova-Scotia, and the Stork Sloop for Jamaica, with 20 Sail of Transports, having two Battallions of Highlanders on board, as alfo the Trade for the Weft-Indies, under Convoy of the above Men of War.

The General Evening Post
Edinburgh, Tuesday, July 26, 1757
We are informed that orders are given for raising nine companies of Highlanders of 100 men each; three whereof are to be added to Lord John Murray's regiment, three to Col. Montgomery's, and three to Col. Frazer's: they are to be sent to America as soon as they can be raised. Several necessaries are preparing for them.

The Public Advertiser
Thursday, July 28, 1757. NUMB. 7100
Edinburgh, Scotland, July 21. Nine independent Companies of Highlanders are immediately to be raised, for the more speedy recruiting of Highland Battalions now in America. Several of the Officers are already appointed.

The General Evening Post
Halifax, in Nova Scotia, August 4. On the 29th nlt. a brig arrived here, by whom we have advice, that she left the Windsor about eight days ago, having under her convoy 18 transports with 2000 Highlanders, and a prize which was bound to Canada, with 30,000 l. in specie, and worth in all 50,000 l.

The Marine List
Undated
Capt. Bonham, arrived at Cork from the East-Indies, writes, that on 31st of August, in Lat.21-30. he spoke with the Enterprize Man of War, having under her Convoy 15 Sail of ships bound for the West-Indies.
Note: Col. Fraser's Regiment arrived at Halifax in two groups, under convoy of the Enterprize, between 24-28 August 1757. 

The Public Advertiser
Tuesday, November 8, 1757. NUMB. 7188
Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov. 1. Seven of the nine additional Companies for the three Highland Battalions are arrived at Glasgow ; the other two were expected there yesterday.

1758

The London Chronicle: Or, Universal Evening Post
From Thursday, June 1, to Saturday, June 3, 1758. Nº 223.
Boston, Massachusetts, April 24. His Excellency General Lawrance with his battalion of Royal Americas, and Colonel Frazier with his regiment of Highlanders, sailed from Nantucket yesterday morning; the troops had been embarked fome days, waiting a wind.

The Whitehall Evening Post: Or, London Intelligencer
From Thursday, June 1, to Saturday, June 3, 1758. Nº 1903.
New-York, April 27. The Third Battalion of Royal American, and Frazer's Second Battalion of Highlanders, embark'd at Boston, and are failed for Halifax.

A Brief Relation  NEW
Saturday, October 21, 1758
Regiments sailed from Louisbourg for Boston, the 30th of August.
2d battalion of Royal Scots, Gen. Sinclair.
17th regiments, General Forbes's.
47th ditto, Lascelle's.
48th ditto, Webb's.
63d ditto, Col. Frazer's highlanders.
Under convoy of the Captain man of war of 64 guns, commanded by Capt. Amherst, with General Amherst onboard.
We hear from the southward, that General Forbes lies dangerously ill.

London Read Weekly Journal  NEW
Saturday, November 4, 1758
Glasgow, Oct. 23. On Wednesday last arrived at Greenock, the Ludlow-Castle man of war, Capt. Clark, with nine sail of transports from Portsmouth, to carry a body of new raised highlanders, &c over to North America.

London Evening-Poft
Saturday, November 4, 1758. Numb, 4837
Boston, Massachusetts, Sept. 18. Last Wednesday arrived in our Harbour from Louisbourg his Majesty's Ship the Captain, commanded by Capt. Amherft, in which came Major General Amherst. Between 30 and 40 Transports, which came out with the Captain Man of War, having on board the second Battalion of Royal Scots, as alfo Forbes's, Lascelles's, and Webbs' Regiment, with Fraser's Highlanders, are also arrived. The Troops are in good health, were disembarked on Thursday, and encamped on the Common. But, notwithstanding their late Fatigues, the whole body decamped on the Saturday Morning following, and with General Amherst at their Head, are now marching towards Lake George, to join the Army under General Abercrombie, with great Chearfulness and Expedition.

1759

The Whitehall Evening Post
Thursday, January 4, to Saturday, January 6, 1759. No. 1997
The King has been pleased to appoint Donald Cameron, Gent. to be Lieutenant in the 78th Regiment, or 2d Highland Battalion of Foot, commanded by Lieut. Col. Simon Fraser.

London Read Weekly
Saturday, January 13, 1759. No. 4013
The King has been pleased to appoint Alexander Fraser, Esq. to be Lieutenant in the 78th Regiment, or 2d Highland Battalion of Foot, commanded by Lieut. Col. Simon Fraser.

The Universal Chronicle  NEW
Thursday, March 1
Extract of a letter from an Officer in Col. Frazer's regiment, dated at the camp by Fort Stanwix, Nov. 8, 1758.
After the reduction of Louisburg, five of the regiments that were there, came, under the command of General Amherst, to Boston; of that number our regiment was one. We there met with orders from General Abercrombie to march for Albany, which is 226 miles: A few after our arrival there, our regiment was ordered to this place, which is one hundred and thirty-eight miles further, all upon Mohawk river, except 18 miles betwixt Albany and Schenectady. The lands on the river far exceed any I ever saw, in particular the German Flatts, now quite depopulated. Our regiment is returned to Schenectady, leaving here the four companies commanded by Major Clephane, Captains Macpherson, John Macdonel, and Dungallan. This place was formerly called the Oneida Station, or Great Carrying place; but Brigadier-general Stanwix, being ordered here with 5000 Provincials, has been employed there two months past in building a fort, now called by his name, Fort Stanwix; which our four companies are to occupy this winter, This situation cannot be agreeable, as we have none but Indians within 48 miles of us.

Public Advertiser  NEW
Thursday, March 22, 1759  
Scotland. Edinburgh, March 15. On Wednesday last arrived at Glasgow two additional Companies of Highlanders, of 1000 Men each, the one for Colonel Frazer's Regiment, the other for Colonel Montgomery's, and on Saturday they marched for Greenock, to take shipping for America.

Universal Chronicle and Weekly Gazette
Saturday, October 20, 1759
Extract of a letter from Quebec, Sept. 20, 1759.
'I thank God I have been in a good state of health since my arrival here, nor have the fatigues incident to a campaign, in which we had almost every kind of difficulty to surmount, affected my health in the least. Were I to describe, in military phrases, the strength, situation, number, and, upon this occasion, uncommon bravery of the enemy (who needed to have nothing to fear from our number, but our deficiency in that respect was sufficiently supplied by unanimity and courage) you would not be a little surprised at our undertaking, which I believe to have been by sole direction of Providence, and to which the harmony among us hath greatly contributed, every man in his station, discharging his duty. Our loss hath been inconsiderably separate from our dear courageous, yet mild Wolfe, whose fall added revenge to intrepidity. The regiments of Lascelles, Kennedy's, and Wolfe's grenadiers, did wonders: the Highlanders, if anything, exceeded them. When they betook to their broad swords, my God! what a havock they made! drove every thing before them that came in their way, and walls could not refit their fury. - Those breechless brave fellows are an honour to their country. - I cannot do them justice in my description of them; but I have reason to believe that their bravery shall meet with praise and approbation, the only reward (except half victuals and cloaths) that a Highlander demands, being prepossessed naturally with a kind of martial honour.
I cannot say what we shall next do, but we seem to put this place in a proper state of defence, for fear of insult. - For the particulars of the engagement, surrender of the town, and loss on both sides, I refer you to the packets by express, which I have no doubt will be joyful news in England.'
                                                                               I am, Sir, Your's, &c.
                                                                               Capt. James Calcraft

1760

Public Advertiser  NEW
Thursday, July 24, 1760
Scotland. Edinburgh, July 19. Extract of a Letter from an Officer in Colonel Frazer's Regiment, dated from Quebec, May 20. "The French bought their Advantage on the 28th of April, at a very dear Rate; they had 4 Companies of their Grenadiers cutoff to 30; they lost in all about 2000 by their own Account, and 500 more during the Siege, which lasted 19 Days, during which it is incredible to tell with what Spirit everything went on in the Garrison, and what Works were furnished; the Town was so fortified, that the Enemy could not have been Mailers of it, without a great Loss of Time, and a great Number of their Men. I assure you, that during the Siege we had not above 2000 Men fit for Duty; the rest were taken ill with Flux and Scurvy; and it must be said of the Governor and Garrison, that they have acted with a Spirit worthy of True Britons. As to the Loss this Regiment has sustained, it is as usual, for out of 340 Men that marched out [500 being HI of the Scurvy remaining in the Town] 230 were killed: or wounded, and of 35 Officers, there were 29 killed or wounded. Capt. Donald M'Donald, and Lieut. Cosmo Gordon, were killed, and poor Hector Macdonald of Boisdale was shot thro' the Lungs, of which he died in three Days; Ensign Fraser died of his Wounds in five Days; all of them greatly and justly regretted. All the rest of the wounded Officers are doing well."

1762

Gazeteer and London Daily Advertiser
Monday, August 30, 1762. No. 10,407
The following regiments still remain in North America, viz, 44th, Abercrombies; 45th, Boscowan's; 46th, Murray's; 47th, Lascelle's; 55th, Oughton's; 60th [or Royal American,] three battalions; 78th Fraser's Highlanders; and 80th, late Gage's; in all 10 battalions. It is supposed that some of these [particulary at Halifax or Quebec, at which last place there are three regiments] may be ready to co-operate with the fleet that is sailed from England, for the recovery of Newfoundland.

Gazeteer and London Daily Advertiser
Tuesday, September 28, 1762
Lieut. William Robertson, of the 78th Regiment of foot. commanded by the Hon. Col. Fraser, to be Captain of an independent company of foot.

1763

London Evening Post
Thursday September 8, to Saturday September 10, 1763. Numb. 5994
His Majesty has been pleased to constitute and appoint Lieut. Alexander Wood, to be Captain in the 78th Regiment of foot, commanded by the Hon. Col. Fraser, in the room of Capt. Charles McDonald, deceased.

St. James Chronicle or British Evening Post
  
NEW
London, 8 December 1763 
Edinburgh, December 3. From Glasgow we have Advice that only the Officers and 200 private Men of Colonel Frazer's Regiment from Quebec had arrived at Greenock, and that 400 of them, before they left that Place, had been draughted into General Amherst's Regiment of Royal Americans.

Note: It is confirmed draughts of the 78th Regiment were transferred to the 15th & 60th Royal American Regiments. Evidence is not yet available confirming any men transferred to the 27th Regt.

St. James Chronicle or British Evening Post  
NEW
London, 22 December 1763 
Glasgow, December 15. Yesterday the Remains of Colonel Frazer's Regiment of Highlanders were drawn up in the Green, and afterwards disbanded; by their stay at Quebec most of them are able to speak the French Language tolerably.

Gazeteer & London Daily Advertiser  
NEW
London, Monday, 26 December 1763 
The 14th inst. Frazer's Highlanders regiment was broke at Glasgow; most of them had learned French during their residence at Quebec.

1767

Williamsburg, Virginia Gazette  NEW
March 5, 1767  
We have the honour to present the petition of John Frazier, Esq; Captain in the late 78th regiment, Deputy Paymaster General at Montreal, and one of the Judges of the court of Common Pleas; John Campbell, Esq., Captain in the 27th regiment; Daniel Disney, Esq; Captain in the 44th regiment; St. Luke la Corne, late Captain in the French service, and Knight of the Order of St. Louis; Simon Evans, Lieutenant in the 28th regiment; and Mr. Joseph Howard, merchant.

At the same time that we express our abhorrence of the breach of publick order in the outrage committed on the person of Mr. Thomas Walker, and our wishes for the discovery of the perpetrators of it, we cannot be unmoved when we consider the circumstances of the Gentlemen, now torn from their families, and imprisoned on suspicion thereof.

Until we hear the crime proved against them we cannot help interesting ourselves for men who, from their families, stations, services, and established characters [until this surprising stroke] stood in the highest degree of estimation in this province.

We not only feel for them, but for their families. With what affliction do his Majesty's new subjects behold their gray hairs of their countrymen so unexpectedly, perhaps irretrievably, affronted!

We therefore most earnestly entreat you, Sir, to interpose your authority to mitigate the rigour of the law; a dispensation even from which would be in this case, if any, we humbly conceive, justifiable.

We are so well convinced of those Gentelmens honours that all and every one of us do hereby offer to become their bail, to the uttermost extent of our fortunes, nay even with our lives, as well as their appearance to take their trial as for the safety of Mr. Walker's person from any hurt from them, in consequence of their enlargement.

From your Honour's known clemency and moderation, we flatter ourselves with the strongest hopes that every possible management in favour of these Gentlemen will be employed. Their before untainted characters, and publick voice, makes us confident that none ever was better applied. All which is, with the greatest respect, humbly submitted to your Honour's judicious consideration.

Quebec, Nov. 23, 1766  [Signed by 69 hands]

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 


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