Showing posts with label Returns. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Returns. Show all posts

Monday, December 17, 2018

Draught Soldiers to the 27th Regiment

27th Regiment of Foot muster rolls, 1763
In the summer of 1763, having received King George's Instructions regarding the reduction of the British armies in North America, the acting generals put in motion their plan for augmenting the three regiments that would remain guarding Quebec. It was decided the 15th, 27th, and 2d Battalion, 60th Royal American Regiment would be assigned this task.

An analysis of the official Subsistence Rolls of the 78th Regiment reveals approximately 358 soldiers remained in North America for this duty; some were volunteers, others were called upon because of the time remaining on their current enlistment contracts.

At the conclusion of the war, the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment experienced a significant reduction in the staffing of soldiers. And to maintain adequate troops levels required for guarding Quebec, subsequent muster rolls include augments from the 47th and 78th Foot, each providing men to replenish the regiment.

By September 1765, the regiment was distributed as follows: Four companies in the town of Quebec, three companies to Trois Rivieres, and two to Montreal, Colonel Massey being appointed to command the district.

In August 1767, the regiment embarked on board the transports for Europe, September 29th landed at Cork, Ireland, and the next day proceeded to Dublin. In the following year, the regiment was quartered at Limerick, returning to Dublin in 1769, where it remained until 1774 when it returned to Limerick.

It is not known how many 78th veterans from this group remained in North America.

Draughts of the 78th Regiment
The following 55 soldiers, recorded as veterans of the 78th Foot, are identified as having joined the 27th Foot on 25 August 1763. This muster is for 183 days ending 24 October 1763, the earliest available rolls after 1 September 1763, the date by which most of Colonel Fraser's men had transferred.

Lieutenant-Colonel Massey's Company
Reporting at St. Peters on South River, 24 October 1763
1. Private Andrew Anderson
2. Private John Cameron
3. Private Robert Keith
4. Private Loughlin Mitchal
5. Private Daniel McIntosh
6. Private John McIntosh
7. Private William McKinzie
8. Private James Taveish

Major John Maunsell's Company
Reporting at St. Peters on South River, 24 October 1763
9. Private Allexr. Faquher
10. Private Keneth McLean
11. Private Angush McDonold

Captain James Holmes' Company
Reporting at Trois Rivieres, 29 October 1763
12. Private Malkam Fergison
13. Private John Kennady
14. Private Laughlin McGuire

Captain John Campbell's Company
Reporting at St. Francois, 2 November 1763
15. Private Bryan Cairy
16. Private Donald Camaron
17. Private Evan Camaron
18. Private Collin Campbell
19. Private John Campbell
20. Private John Fraser
21. Private Jeremiah Fraser
22. Private Allexander Fraser
23. Private John Hutcheson
24. Private William McGilveroy
25. Private John McDonald, Senr.
26. Private Donald McPhii
27. Private Christopher McKinzey
28. Private John McDonald, Junr.
29. Private Evan McBean
30. Private Evan McMullan
31. Private Donald McDonald
32. Private John McGibbans
33. Private Robert McKinn
34. Private Allexander Murray
35. Private Robert Pellypren [Bellypren?]
36. Private John Summers

Captain Apollos Morris' Company
Reporting at Point au Tremble, 25 October 1763
37. Private Dennis Carney
38. Private Duncan Campbell
39. Private James Filk
40. Private Hugh Grimes
41. Private John McGinnis
42. Private Bryan Murphy
43. Private William Morrow
44. Private Peter McIntire
45. Private William Noble

Captain Henry Pringle's Company
Reporting at De Chambo, 27 October 1763
46. Private Jno. Duff
47. Private Alexr. Fletcher
48. Private Danl. Frazer
49. Private Jno. Reed

Captain Philip Skene's Company
Reporting at St. Anns, 28 October 1763
50. Private Alexander Hackny
51. Private John Muster'd
52. Private Robert McFarling
53. Private Archibold Robinson

Captain William Stewart's Company
Reporting at Trois Rivieres, 29 October 1763
54. Private William Hearly
55. Private George Strachan

Notes:
2. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
4. Listed as Lachlin Mitchell on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
5. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
6. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
7. Recorded as 78th veteran, and appears on a 1765 land grant submitted by veterans, but not listed on any known rosters for the 78th Regiment.
8. Listed as Tavish on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 52nd Foot by 9 October 1767.
9. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
10. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
11. Probably Angus McDonell, as listed on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
12. Listed as Malcolm Ferguson on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
13. Listed as Kennedy on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
14. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify. Later joined the 52nd Foot by 9 October 1767.
15. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767; there recorded as Keary.
16. Listed as Cameron on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
17. Listed as Cameron on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
21. Later joined the 15th Foot by 9 October 1767.
22. Listed as Alexander on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
23. Listed as Hutchinson on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 1st Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
24. Listed as McGillivrae on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
25. Listed as McDonell on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Father to soldier #28.
26. Listed as McPhie on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
27. Listed as McKenzie on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
28. Listed as McDonell on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Son to soldier #25.
30. Listed as McMillan on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
32. Listed as Gibbons on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 15th Foot by 9 October 1767; there recorded as McGibbons.
34. Listed as Alexander on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 52nd Foot by 9 October 1767.
35. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
36. Listed as Summer on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
37. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify. Name appears elsewhere as a veteran of the 47th Foot. Later joined the 15th Foot by 9 October 1767.
39. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
40. Possibly Hugh Graham, as listed on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
41. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify.
42. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify. Later joined the 29th Foot by 9 October 1767.
43. Possibly William Moore or More, as listed on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 15th Foot by 9 October 1767; there recorded as Mourow.
44. Listed as McIntyre on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
47. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
46. Listed as Duffie on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
48. Recorded as 78th veteran [possibly Donald Fraser], but unable to properly verify. See forenames explanation below.
49. Listed as Ried on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
50. Recorded as 78th veteran, but unable to properly verify. Later joined the 1st Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
51. Recorded as "away on command." Listed as Mustard on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.
52. Recorded as "away on command." Listed as McFarlane on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls. Later joined the 2nd Battalion, 60th Royal Americans by 9 October 1767.
53. Recorded as "away on command."
54. Listed as Harley on the 78th Regiment subsistence rolls.

Interchangeable names
The following names were most likely used interchangeably:

Forenames
- Daniel & Donald are sometimes, but not always, interchangeable in Scotland, because Domhnall, the Gaelic version of Donald, may be Anglicised as Daniel.

Surnames
- Graham/Grimes
- McDonald/McDonell

Sources:
War Office Records. 27th Foot, 1st Battalion. Commissary General of Musters Office and successors: General Muster Books and Pay Lists, 1759-1777. TNA, W.O. 12/4328.

War Office Records: Muster Books and Paylists: General, 47th Regiment, 1760-1763. LAC, W.O. 12/5871, Microfilm C-9202.

War Office Records: Return of Volunteers from the Inniskilling Regiment of Foot, given to the following Regiments. New York, 9 October 1767. In Letters, Military Despatches, Gen. Gage, 1767-1769, W.O. 1, vol. 8. LAC.

Trimble, William Copeland. The Historical Record of the 27th Inniskilling Regiment: from the Period of Its Institution as a Volunteer Corps till the Present Time. Clowes, 1876.

National Battlefields Commission, "Database of 1759-1760: Soldiers on the Plains of Abraham." Web. http://www.ccbn-nbc.gc.ca/en/history-heritage/battles-1759-1760/soldiers/. Accessed 17 December 2018.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." LAC, T.1, vol. 422.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." TNA, T.1, vol. 422.

Marie Fraser, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." Clan Fraser Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

McIntosh, Walter H. 78th or Colonel Simon Fraser's Regiment [Topsfield, Massachusetts, n.d.]

Donald Whyte, "Scottish Forenames." Details of a the forename Daniel. Web.
http://www.whatsinaname.net/male-names/Daniel.html. Accessed 17 December 2018.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Saturday, December 1, 2018

Army Return of the Battle of Sainte-Foy, 28 Apr. 1760

Army Return of The Battle of Sainte-Foy, 28 Apr. 1760
The Battle of Sainte-Foy, sometimes called the Battle of Quebec, was fought on April 28, 1760 near the British-held town of Quebec in the French province of Canada during the Seven Years' War (called the French and Indian War in the United States). It was a victory for the French under the Chevalier de LĂ©vis over the British army under General Murray. The battle was notably bloodier than the Battle of the Plains of Abraham of the previous September, and it was considered the last French victory in North America.

Return of the Officers, that were Killed, Wounded, Taken Prisoners, Missing, on the 28th of April 1760
Amherst's 15th Regiment
Killed:
1. Lieut. Maxwell, Senr.
Wounded:
2. Capt. Lieut. Cockburn
3. Lieut. Mukins
4. Lieut. Maxwell, Junr.
5. Lieut. Cathcart
6. Lieut. Winter
7. Lieut. Irwin
8. Lieut. Lockhart
9. Ens. Moneypenny
10. Ens. Bartlett
11. Ens. Mills
12. Ens. Barker
Wounded Prisoner:
13. Lt. Hamilton
14. Ens. Montgomery

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 4
- Rank & File: 21
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 9
- Rank & File: 82

Notes:
1 & 4: Lts. Maxwell: father/son
14. Ens. Montgomery would later expire at Montreal from his wounds.

Bragg's 28th Regiment
Wounded:
1. Colonel Walsh
2. Major Dalling
3. Capt. Spann
4. Capt. Mitchelson
5. Lt. & Adj. Tassell
6. Lieut. Brown
7. Lieut. Phibbs
8. Ens. Gilmer
9. Ens. Sheppard
10. Ens. Beal

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 1
- Rank & File: 14
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 4
- Drummers: 4
- Rank & File: 100

Otway's 35th Regiment
Wounded Prisoner:
1. Captain Ince
2. Lieut. Brown
3. Ens. Lysaght

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Rank & File: 12
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 3
- Drummers: 1
- Rank & File: 43

Notes:
1. Captain Ince would later expire at Montreal from his wounds.

Kennedy's 43rd Regiment
Wounded:
1. Captain Skey
2. Lieut. Clements
Prisoner:
3. Captain Maitland
Wounded Prisoner:
4. Ens. Maw

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Rank & File: 5
Wounded:
- Rank & File: 16

Lascelle's 47th Regiment
Killed:
1. Major Hussey
Prisoner:
2. Lieut. Sheriff
Wounded:
3. Lieut. Forster
4. Lieut. Bassett
5. Lieut. Ewer
6. Lieut. Stratford
7. Ens. Ulstik
8. Ens. Handfield
Wounded Prisoner:
9. Captain Archbold

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 1
- Rank & File: 10
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 3
- Drummers: 1
- Rank & File: 43

Notes:
9. Captain Archbold would later expire at Montreal from his wounds.

Webb's 48th Regiment
Killed:
1. Ens. Nicholson
Wounded:
2. Capt. Sir James Cockburn
3. Capt. Lieut. Barbutt
4. Lieut. Waterhouse
5. Lieut. Royce
6. Lieut. Crowe
7. Lieut. Moore
8. Ens. Campbell
9. Ens. Johnson
Prisoner:
10. Lieut. Davers

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Rank & File: 22
Wounded:
- Rank & File: 63

Anstruther's 58th Regiment
Killed:
1. Ens. Conway

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 1
- Rank & File: 7
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 3
- Rank & File: 45

Monckton's 2d Bn. 60th Regiment
Wounded:
1. Ens. Snow Steel
2. Ens. Donald McDonald

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Drummers: 1
- Rank & File: 1
Wounded:
- Rank & File: 9

Lawrence's 3d Bn. 60th Regiment
Wounded:
1. Capt. Faesch
2. Lieut. Faesch
3. Lieut. Campbell
4. Lieut. Grant
5. Lieut. Stephens
6. Lieut. Lewis Forbes
7. Ens. Pinckney
8. Ens. McGee
9. Ens. Hill
10. Ens. Stewart
Prisoner:
11. Colonel Young
12. Capt. Charteris

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 1
- Rank & File: 9
Wounded:
- Rank & File: 32

Notes:
6. Lieut. Lewis Forbes would later expire at Montreal from his wounds.

Fraser's 78th Regiment
Killed:
1. Capt. Donald McDonnell
2. Lieut. Cosmo Gordon
Wounded:
3. Colonel Fraser
4. Capt. John Campbell
5. Capt. Alexr. Fraser
6. Capt. McLeod
7. Lieut. Archd. Campbell
8. Lt. Hector McDonnell
9. Lt. Donald McBean
10. Lt. Alexr. Fraser, Senr.
11. Lt. John Nairn
12. Lt. Arthur Rose
13. Lt. Alexr. Fraser, Junr.
14. Lt. Simon Fraser, Senr.
15. Lt. Archd. McAllister
16. Lt. Alexr. Fraser, Grenadiers
17. Lt. John Chissolm
18. Lt. Simon Fraser, Junr.
19. Lt. Malcolm Fraser
20. Lt. Donald McNeil
21. Ens. Henry Munroe
22. Ens. Robert Menzies
23. Ens. Charles Stewart
24. Ens. Duncan Cameron
25. Ens. William Robertson
26. Capt. Lt. Chas. McDonnell
Wounded Prisoner:
27. Ens. Alexr. Gregorson
28. Ens. Malcolm Fraser
Missing:
29. Lt. Alexr. Campbell

Non-commissioned officers
Killed:
- Serjeants: 3
- Drummers: 1
- Rank & File: 51
Wounded:
- Serjeants: 10
- Rank & File: 119

Notes:
8. Lt. Hector McDonnell expired 8 May 1760 from his wounds.
10 & 13: Lts. Fraser: father/son
14 & 18: Lts. Fraser: father/son
28. Ens. Malcom Fraser would later expire at Montreal from his wounds.

Artillery
Wounded:
1. Major Goodwin
2. 2d Lieut. Heathcoat
3. 2d Lieut. Scott
4. Lt. Fireworker Davidson
Wounded Prisoner:
5. Lt. Fireworker Cooke

Wounded:
- Bombardiers: 3
- Gunners: 1
- Matrosses: 6
Missing:
- Matrosses: 1

Chief Engineer
Wounded:
1. Major McKellar

Rangers
Wounded:
1. Capt. Hazzen

Sources:
James Wolfe, "Return of the officers, that were killed, wounded, taken prisoners, missing, on the 28th of April 1760." Northcliff Collection: Series 1: Robert Monckton Papers. LAC, Microfilm: C-366.

James Murray, "List of officers sent in Governor Murray’s return not included in the list of English prisoners returned from Canada, June 14, 1760." War Officer Records: Amherst Papers. Correspondence between French Officers in North America and the Commander-in-Chief, 1757-1761. LAC, W.O. 34, vol. 10.

Marie Fraser, "Lieutenant Hector McDonnell died of his wounds, 8 May 1760." Clan Fraser Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

“Capt Ince and four officers died of their wounds.” The Pennsylvania Gazette, 3 July 1760.

“Battle of Sainte-Foy.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 2 Aug. 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sainte-Foy.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Companies of the 78th Regiment, 1763

As early as March 1759 Colonel Fraser's 78th Highlanders consisted of 14 companies and over 1500 men and women, each commanded by a commissioned officer. By 1763 the total number was reduced quite significantly to a regiment just under 900 in strength. Although thoroughly documented muster rolls [complete with soldier's names] are not available for the early years, it's towards the latter end of the war when would finally discover the names of the men and women who graced their country in what will be forever recognized as one of the single most important military campaigns in North America's early history.

Muster rolls have remained an important document in military accountability for literally hundreds of years. In addition to identifying the names in a company, battalion, or regiment, they sometimes contained a 'record of events,' recording activities engaged in by the particular unit. The primary function of the many rolls maintained was to provide basic information about the identities, numbers, condition, equipage, and pay status of the men and women that comprised the British Army in order to facilitate administrative control. The rolls would have been created at the formation of a regiment, and continued monthly [bimonthly, and even semi-annually] as a way to track the status of each member, and finally ending when the unit was disbanded. It has been reported commanding officers' sometimes 'padded their rolls' [accounting for more men than they actually had] in order to receive extra rations at the end of the month. 

The earliest known surviving subsistence rolls [muster rolls created to document the official discharge dates, including funding victualed to each soldier] for the 78th Highlanders are dated 19 July 1763, with a subsequent set created one month later in August. Though errors have been discovered in the final reporting [we would expect to see incomplete or ambiguous reporting when dealing with about 900 names], these rolls serve as the Regiment's official discharge roster at the time of its disbandment.

Colonel Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 1763

Source:
“Revolutionary War Rolls, 1894-1913.” National Archives Catalog, War Department, National Archives, Washington, D.C. , 1947, catalog.archives.gov/id/602384.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Monday, September 17, 2018

Draught Soldiers to the 60th Regiment

In the summer of 1763, having received King George's Instructions regarding the reduction of the British armies in North America, the acting generals put in motion their plan for augmenting the three regiments that would remain guarding Quebec. It was decided the 15th, 27th, and 2d Battalion, 60th Royal American Regiment would be assigned this task.

An analysis of the official Subsistence Rolls of the 78th Regiment reveals approximately 358 soldiers remained in North America for this duty; some were volunteers, others were called upon because of the time remaining on their current enlistment contracts. And while the exact numbers of soldiers transferring to the 2d Battalion, 60th R.A. Regiment cannot be positively identified [due to incomplete and ambiguous reporting on multiple levels,] we can account for 141 draught soldiers from Colonel Simon Fraser's 78th Highlanders that joined them that summer. 

Draughts of the 78th Regiment
The following names of soldiers in the 2d Battalion, 60th R.A. Regiment, listed with their company commanders, are synonymous with the names of soldiers in the 78th Regiment at the time of its disbandment. This muster is for 182 days ending 24 April 1765, the earliest available rolls after 1 September 1763, the date by which most of Colonel Fraser's men had transferred.

Our research indicates nine original companies for this duty; however, muster rolls are only available for eight companies during this reporting period.

Colonel James Murray's Company
Reporting at Ticonderoga, 3 October 1765
1. Drummer Alexander Kennedy
2. Private Alexander Cameron
3. Private Alexander Cameron
4. Private Alexander Cameron
5. Private John Cameron
6. Private William Cameron
7. Private Angus Cameron
8. Private William Fraser
9. Private William Forbes
10. Private John Gunn
11. Private Alexander Johnson
12. Private James Knight
13. Private John McDonald
14. Private Murdoch McKinzie
15. Private Donald McKinzie
16. Private Donald McDonald
17. Private Alexander McDonald
18. Private Even McPhee
19. Private James McKinzie
20. Private Walter Simpson

Colonel Frederick Haldiman's Company
Reporting at Crown Point, 20 September 1765
21. Private Hector Cameron
22. Private James McDonald
23. Private John Chisolm
24. Private Alexander Fraser
25. Private David Fulerton
26. Private John McKenzie
27. Private Alexander McPherson
28. Private Donald McPherson
29. Private John McPherson
30. Private John McLeod
31. Private Donald McLeod
32. Private James McIntosh
33. Private John McIntosh
34. Private Arthur Rose
35. Private James Smith
36. Private James Wright
37. Private James McDonald
38. Private Peter MacDonald

Captain Thomas Barnsly's Company
Reporting at Fort Oswegatchie, 24 July 1765
39. Corporal Gregor Mcgregor
40. Drummer John Provan
41. Private Donald Black
42. Private Donald Campbele
43. Private Roderick Ferguson
44. Private Duncan Ferguson
45. Private Hugh Grant
46. Private John Gray
47. Private Duncan Gillis
48. Private Coal Henderson
49. Private James Lamb
50. Private John Mcaybin
51. Private Allan McDougall
52. Private John McArthur
53. Private Niel McArthur
54. Private Donald McArthur
55. Private Donald McMillan
56. Private John Munro
57. Private Malcolm McLeod
58. Private Donald Thompson
59. Private William McLeod

Captain Robert Bayard's Company
Reporting at Fort George, New York, 12 August 1765
60. Private Finly Campbell
61. Private William Cameron
62. Private John Fletcher
63. Private John McGilora
64. Private James McPherson
65. Private John Stuart
66. Private John Strachan
67. Private George Thomson
68. Private John McLeod

Captain John Bradstreet's Company
Reporting at Crown Point, 28 September 1765
69. Drummer Duncan McKenzie
70. Private John Brown
71. Private Duncan Campbell
72. Private Alexander Fraser
73. Private Alexander Fraser
74. Private Donald Fraser
75. Private Duncan Fraser
76. Private James Fraser
77. Private Hugh Fraser
78. Private James McNouloch
79. Private Collin McCulloch
80. Private Duncan McCra
81. Private Alexander McKenzie
82. Private Duncan McKenzie
83. Private Donald McKenzie
84. Private Alexander McPherson
85. Private John McGregor
86. Private Petter McGregor
87. Private Malcolm McGregor

Captain Robert Brigstock's Company
Reporting at Fort William Augustus, 25 June 1765
88. Serjeant Allan MacDonald
89. Serjeant William Watson
90. Private Donald Cameron
91. Private William Fraser
92. Private Hugh Fraser
93. Private John Fraser
94. Private John Fraser
95. Private John Fraser
96. Private William Grubb
97. Private John MacDonald
98. Private Hugh Munro
99. Private Hugh Ross
100. Private William Stewart
101. Private Lachline Sinclair
102. Private Peter Macdonald

Captain John Brown's Company
Reporting at Fort William Augustus, 25 July 1765
103. Drummer Thomas Fraser
104. Private Alexander Baine
105. Private John Chisolm
106. Private Donald Cameron
107. Private Duncan Cameron
108. Private John Cameron
109. Private Donald Cameron
110. Private Donald Campbell
111. Private Alexander Ferguson
112. Private Hugh Fraser
113. Private James Fraser
114. Private Lewis Grant
115. Private John Livingston
116. Private John Mackay
117. Private Alexander MacDonald
118. Private William Mills
119. Private Donald Ross
120. Private Ranald Johnston
121. Private Angus MacIntosh

Captain Samuel Holland's Company
Reporting at Fort William Augustus, 25 July 1765
122. Drummer John McDonell
123. Private Archibald Bochanan
124. Private John Cameron
125. Private Donald Campbell
126. Private John Clark
127. Private Angus Fletcher
128. Private John Fraser
129. Private John Forbes
130. Private John Kennedy
131. Private John McBean
132. Private Duncan McDougal
133. Private Donald McDonald
134. Private John McDonell
135. Private John McIntosh
136. Private Duncan McNicall
137. Private John Mcpherson
138. Private William Ross
139. Private John Smith
140. Private John Mcpherson
141. Private Hugh McDonald

Notes:
1. Alexander Kennedy appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763.
39. Gregor Mcgregor appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763.
40. John Provan appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763.
48. Colin Henderson.
50. John McBain.
58. Donald Thompson died 27 December 1764.
54. William McLeod deserted 9 June 1765 at Fort Oswegatchie.
59. John McGillivrae.
69. Duncan McKenzie appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763. He deserted 1 October 1764 near Crown Point.
78. James McNulloch.
80. Duncan McCraw.
88. Allan McDonnel appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763.
89. William Watson appears on the list of 78th soldiers discharged in North America, 1763.
116. John McKay.
117. Alexander McDonald.
120. Ranald Johnson discharged 24 April 1765 at Fort William Augustus.
121. Angus MacIntosh died 15 July 1765 at Fort William Augustus.
123. Archibald Buchanan.
140. John Mcpherson transferred 24 April 1765 at Fort William Augustus to unk.
141. Hugh McDonald deserted 2 June 1765 at Fort William Augustus.

Private Duncan Cumming discharged from Captain Brigstock's Company 29 March 1765; however, his name does not appear on this muster roll.
- McDonald/McDonell surnames were used interchangeably.

Sources:
War Office Records. 2nd Battalion, 60th Foot, 1764-1783. Commissary General of Musters Office and successors: General Muster Books and Pay Lists. TNA, W.O. 12/6935.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." LAC, T.1, vol. 422.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." TNA, T.1, vol. 422.

Marie Fraser, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." Clan Fraser Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

McIntosh, Walter H. 78th or Colonel Simon Fraser's Regiment [Topsfield, Massachusetts, n.d.]

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

78th Regiment Grenadier Company Return of Dec. 14, 1757

The military used monthly returns which reported on the strength of each regiment, including total numbers of men present, absent, sick, or on extra daily duty, as well as giving a report of officers and some categories of enlisted men. They were a very useful and effective planning tool in eighteenth-century combat operations and are still in practical use throughout today's armed forces.

Reporting from Stratford, Connecticut in the winter month of December, Colonel Simon Fraser's 78th Grenadier Company is garrisoned at the heart of regiment headquarters.

The Present Strength of the Companey
Capt'n: 1
Lieuts: 2
Sarjts: 4
Drums: 2
Rank & file: 95
Supernumeraries present: 12
Women Victualled with the Companey: 7
Lieut. Cuthbarts Servant belonging to Captn. Campbells Compy: 1
Alexr. McCerter Musishener: 1

Total: 116

Sick in Ospetelt, Not included in Rank and file
John Fraser
Doncon Camron
Allexr. Gray

[Signed] Charl: Baille Captn.

Note: Alexander McCerter is most likely McArthur, company piper.

Cover sheet:
Return of the Present Strength of 
Captn. Baillies Companey of Granaders 
Stratford December 14th 1757

Source:
Captain Charles Baillie, "Company Return of Captain Charles Baillie, Stratford, Connecticut, Dec. 14, 1757." NAS, GD125-22-17-16a.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.



Sunday, March 11, 2018

Draught Soldiers to the 15th Regiment

15th Regiment of Foot muster report, August 1763
In the summer of 1763, having received King George's Instructions regarding the reduction of the British armies in North America, the acting generals put in motion their plan for augmenting the three regiments that would remain guarding Quebec. It was decided the 15th, 27th, and 2d Battalion, 60th Royal Americans would be assigned this task.

An analysis of the official Subsistence Rolls of the 78th Regiment reveals approximately 358 soldiers remained in North America for this duty; some were volunteers, others were called upon because of the time remaining on their current enlistment contracts. And while the exact numbers of soldiers transferring to the 15th Regiment cannot be positively identified [due to incomplete and ambiguous reporting on multiple levels,] we can account for 165 draught soldiers from Colonel Simon Fraser's 78th Highlanders that would join them on 25 August 1763. This fully replenished regiment would be garrisoned at Quebec; Montreal; Laprairie; St. Ann's; Cedars; Lachine, and St. Johns over the course of the next five years, relieved by the 8th Regiment and departing North America for Europe about 13 July 1768. They would arrive home in late-August as depicted in this contemporary newspaper account.

The British Chronicle Newspaper for 1768:
Aug. 26-29.
Tuesday part of the 15th regiment, late General Amherst's, was landed from the transports that brought them from Quebec, at Portsmouth, and marched through the town for Gloucestershire: and next morning there remainder of them disembarked there and took the same rout. They have been abroad eleven years. The Officers and men look healthy.

Draughts of the 78th Regiment
The following veterans of the 78th Regiment are confirmed as having been draughted to the 15th Regiment at Quebec. Also, this is the second occurrence of documented father/son family members to have served together in Fraser's Highlanders; the first appeared during Major Clephane's Company march from Kilravock to Glasgow in early 1757.

With the exception of General Amherst's Company, this muster is taken for 183 days, commencing 25 April 1763 and ending the 24th of October 1763, both days inclusive.

General Amherst's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 28 August 1764
1. Private William Bruce
2. Private Andrew McLoud
3. Private Alexander McLoud
4. Private John McIver
5. Private John McDonald

Lt.-Col. James Robertson's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
6. Private John Beaton
7. Private Donald Cameron
8. Private Alexander Fraser
9. Private John Gillis
10. Private Donald McIntire
11. Private Donald McGilvery
12. Private John McDonald, Sr.
13. Private John McDonald, Jr.
14. Private Rory McLeland
15. Private John McLean
16. Private Dougal McLachlin
17. Private John McDonald
18. Private Archibald McDougall
19. Private John McTavish
20. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
21. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
22. Private Donald Smith
23. Private James Taylor
24. Private Donald McMullen

Major Irving's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
25. Private Hugh Fraser
26. Private Coll Grant
27. Private William Grant
28. Private Angus McDonell, Sr.
29. Private Angus McDonell, Jr.
30. Private Alexander McDonell
31. Private Chs. McDonell
32. Private John McDonell
33. Private Donald McDonell
34. Private Colling McDonell
35. Private John McGillevray
36. Private James McIntosh, Sr.
37. Private James McIntosh, Jr.
38. Private Donald McKay
39. Private Robert McKay
40. Private Donald McKinven
41. Private Alexander McNabb
42. Private Alexander McLoud
43. Private James McKinsey
44. Private John Monroe

Captain Francis Mukins' Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
45. Private William Gowe
46. Private John Fisher
46a Private Dan'l Forbes
47. Private James Lawson
48. Private John McIntire
49. Private Alexander McCawley
50. Private Duncan McMullen
51. Private Andrew Kinnavin
52. Private Donald McDonald
53. Private Duncan Smyth
54. Private Angus McDonald

Captain William Prescott's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
55. Private George Davidson
56. Private Donald Frazer
57. Private David Jackson
58. Private Donald Levoche
59. Private Donald Mcmasters
60. Private Allen McEacheron
61. Private John McDonald, Sr.
62. Private John Mclaughlin
63. Private John McKey
64. Private Robert McDonald
65. Private Farquhar McIntosh
66. Private Alexander McDonald
67. Private William McGillivie
68. Private John McDonald, Jr.
69. Private Hector McNell
70. Private Murdoch Morrison
71. Private Dunkan McKinnon
72. Private Donald McDonald
73. Private Angus McIntyre
74. Private Ewen McKay
75. Private Donald McMillen
76. Private Alexander Patterson
77. Private William Ritchey
78. Private John Robertson
79. Private Duncan Steward
80. Private Alexander Sutherland
81. Private John Turner

Captain John Maxwell's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
82. Corporal Lachlin Irwin
83. Private Gregor McGregor
84. Private Norman Stewart
85. Private John Carr
86. Private Hugh Fraser
87. Private Angus Kennedy
88. Private Donald McCole
89. Private Alexander McKinsey
90. Private Donald McKinvan
91. Private Duncan McGregor
92. Private John McNear
93. Private John McDonald
94. Private George Miller
95. Private James Ross
96. Private Alexander Sutherland
97. Private Donald Sutherland

Captain James Cuthbert's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
98. Private William Campbell
99. Private John Chisham
100. Private John Fraser
101. Private Angus Gillas
102. Private John Innes
103. Private James McDonald
104. Private John McLean
105. Private Roderick McKenzie, Sr.
106. Private Donald McMillan
107. Private Roderick McKinzie, Jr.
108. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
109. Private Alexander McKay
110. Private John McDonald
111. Private Archibald McDonald
112. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
113. Private William Ross
114. Private John Stewart

Captain Henry Hamilton's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
115. Private William Brown
116. Private Alexander Cameron
117. Private Hugh Fraser
118. Private William Fraser
119. Private Martin Ferguson
120. Private James Glass
121. Private John Kennedy
122. Private Donald Kennedy
123. Private Roderick McLeod
124. Private John McLarren
125. Private David Mitchell
126. Private Angus McDonald
127. Private Alexander Martin
128. Private Alexander McDonald
129. Private Malcolm McPhie
130. Private Dugall McPherson
131. Private John McSwain
132. Private Alexander McLeod, Sr.
133. Private Alexander McLeod, Jr.
134. Private Angus Morrison
135. Private Hugh McCraw
136. Private Donald Ross
137. Private John Ross
138. Private John Ross
139. Private Andrew Rose
140. Private David Saunders
141. Private William Williamson

Captain Robert Strobo's Company
Reporting at Quebec, 24 October 1763
142. Private John Beaton
143. Private John Cameron
144. Private Alexander Frasier
145. Private David Gun
146. Private Archibald Henderson
147. Private Donald McLeod
148. Private Malcolm McLeod
149. Private John McDonald
150. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
151. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
152. Private Donald McDonald, Sr.
153. Private Donald McDonald, Jr.
154. Private Archibald McDonald
155. Private John McIntosh
156. Private Donald McIntire
157. Private Peter McNorton
158. Private Duncan Mckenzie
159. Private Donald McBean
160. Private James McPherson
161. Private Alexander Martin
162. Private Alexander Robertson
163. Private Robert Shaw
164. Private John Shaw

Notes:
1. William Bruce first appears on the 78th's muster of discharged soldiers. He deserted 15 May 1764 at Quebec.
6. John Beaton discharged 4 September 1765 and recommended to Royal Chelsea Hospital.
11. Donald McGilvery deserted 4 June 1764 at Quebec.
12. John McDonell, Sr. died 4 October 1766 at Montreal.
23. James Taylor deserted 27 May 1765 at St. Ann's.
28. Angus McDonell, Sr. deserted 30 May 1765 at Cedars.
38. Donald McKay discharged 6 September 1765 at Cedars or Montreal.
41. Alexander McNabb discharged 27 April 1765 at Cedars.
42. Alexander McLoud discharged 4 September 1765 and recommended to Royal Chelsea Hospital.
43. James McKinsey discharged 16 March 1765 at Cedars.
45. William Gow discharged 27 November 1765 at Montreal.
46a Recorded as Daniel Forbes, he later transferred to Major Irving's Company, where he discharged as Donald Forbes on 27 Dec. 1765 at Cedars.
56. Donald Fraser discharged 30 September 1765 at Montreal.
57. David Jackson deserted 30 May 1765 at Montreal.
70. Murdoch Morrison appears on the 78th's muster dated 19 July 1763, but is absent from the muster taken in August, one month later. He discharged 19 October 1765 at Montreal.
74. Evan McKay discharged 31 October 1765 at Montreal.
77. William Ritchey is recorded as Nitchey on the 78th's muster of September 1763.
78. Listed as John Robinson on subsequent yearly muster rolls through 1766.
97. Donald Sutherland died 11 August 1765 at La Chine
98. William Campbell [sp. Marie Josephte Chartier] discharged 24 June 1767 at Montreal.
145. David Gunn discharged 17 October 1766 at Montreal.

- Lieutenant John McDonell, 78th Foot, appointed quartermaster in the 15th Foot on 14 November 1763 in exchange for Lieutenant James Babbidge.

Interchangeable names
The following names were most likely used interchangeably:

Forenames
- Daniel & Donald are sometimes, but not always, interchangeable in Scotland, because Domhnall, the Gaelic version of Donald, may be Anglicised as Daniel.

Surnames
- McDonald/McDonell, Robertson/Robinson surnames were used interchangeably.

Sources:
War Office Records. Muster Books and Paylists: General, 15th Regiment, 1760-1767. LAC, W.O. 12, vol. 3228, Microfilm C-9202.

James Murray, "List of Disbanded Soldiers from His Majesty's 15th & 27th Regiments recommended to Royal Chelsea Hospital." Letters/copie de lettres, 1763-1771, LAC, RG 4, C 2, vol. 1.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." LAC, T.1, vol. 422.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." TNA, T.1, vol. 422.

Marie Fraser, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." Clan Fraser Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

McIntosh, Walter H. 78th or Colonel Simon Fraser's Regiment [Topsfield, Massachusetts, n.d.]

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Connecticut Quarters for the 63rd Regiment or Second Highland Battalion, 1758

The 78th Regiment of Foot, 1757-1763
The Fraser Highlanders spent their first North American winter, that of 1757-58, in Stratford, Connecticut, with the cantonment spread out as far as 30 miles from headquarters. In this undated letter, Lieutenant-Colonel Simon Fraser describes several of the Connecticut Controuts, followed by his Monthly Return from January 1758.

Billets are included in the Number of Officers, also two officers absent at New York. And in the several Controuts the sick in Hospital are included as their Billets are kept for them.

S. Fraser. Lt. Col. Commandt of 63d

Report of the Quarters of His Majesty's 63d or Second Highland Battalion as Canton'd in the Government of Connecticut in New England, January 1758.

Head Quarters At Stratford
  • Grenadiers
  • Colonels Company
  • Officers: 10
  • Men:  220
At Fairfield
  • Major Clephanes Company
  • Capt. Simon Frasers Company
  • Officers:  9
  • Men:  220
  • Miles Distant From Head Quarters:  8
At Norwalk
  • Major Campbells Company
  • Capt. Campbells Company
  • Officers:  7
  • Men:  220
  • Miles Distant From Head Quarters:  20
At Milford
  • Capt. Macphersons Company
  • Capt. Donald McDonalds Company
  • Officers:  8
  • Men:  220
  • Miles Distant From Head Quarters:  4
At Stanford
  • Capt. John MackDonnels Company
  • Capt. Thomas Frasers Company
  • Officers:  8
  • Men:  220
  • Miles Distant From Head Quarters:  30

Total Officers:  42
Total Men:  1100

Sources:
Colonel Simon Fraser, "Report of the Quarters of His Majesty's 63d or Second Highland Battalion as Canton'd in the Government of Connecticut in New England, January 1758."  NAS, GD45-2-41, pp. 1-5.

Colonel Simon Fraser, "Undated Letter from Lt. Col. Simon Fraser Describing Several Connecticut Controuts." NAS, GD45-2-41, p. 6.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2017.

Thursday, June 29, 2017

Troops Destined for the Siege of Louisbourg

The 78th Regiment of Foot, 1757-1763
The Siege of Louisbourg was a pivotal operation of the Seven Years' War (known in the United States as the French and Indian War) in 1758 that ended the French colonial era in Atlantic Canada and led directly to the loss of Quebec in 1759 and the remainder of French North America the following year.

Transcription military return provided with a summarisation of the total numbers of men that were destined to participate in the Siege of Louisbourg and other operations, 1759

Major General

Staff Brigadiers
Lawrence
Whitmore
Wolfe

Corps [with Rank & File]
Royal:  983 
Lascelles:  985 
Warburton:  993
Monckton:  802
Lord John Murray:  1000
Lawrence:  1000
Bragg:  700
Webb:  834
Forbes:  695
Hopson:  969
Whitmore:  992
Amherst from England:  900
Anstruther, Col. from Ireland:  700
Recruits with Col. Whitmore for Lord Murrays Regt.:  300
Proportion of recruits with Col. Whitmore for 10 Batts. at 94 per:  940
Officers, Serjeants & Drummers:  1092
3 Companies of the Royal Regt. of Artillery Officers included:  330
Total:  14,215

Rangers:  600
Col. Bastide, Chief Engineer, and a sufficient & proper Battering Train for this Service.

Troops destined for an Irruption into Canada by way of Crown Point

Staff
Major General Abercromby
Brigadier Lord Howe
Col. Gage

Corps [with Rank & File]
Prevost:  450
Abercromby:  836
Blakeney:  695
Maj. Genl Murray:  694
Stanwix:  1145
Otway:  1145
Howe:  699
Frazer:  1145
Independent Companies at New York:  448
Recruits with Col. Whitmore for Frazers Batt:  300
Idem with d`o for Montgomeries Batt. to remain with Frazers:  300
Idem with d`o for 7 Batts. at the rate of 94 per Batt & 8 over:  666
Royal Regiment of Artillery, Officers inclusive:  214
Officers, Serjeants & Drummers:  710
Total:  9447

Provincials:  20,000
Supposing that 1500 of this body are left for the protection of Nova Scotia, there will remain for this Operation 7947 Regulars, and 20,000 Provincials, with a proper Train of Artillery and Ammunition. Arms will be sent for 12,000 Men.

Troops destined for the Ohio, Fort Du Quesne, or other Operations to the Southward

Staff
Colonel Forbes
Lieut. Col. Boquet
Lieut. Col. Montgomery
Lieut. Col. Bradstreet, D.2. M.G., being perfectly acquainted with the Country.

Corps [with Rank & File]
Prevosts Detachment:  350
Montgomerys:  1145
Independent Companies at So. Carolina:  345
Provincials:  5000
Total:  1880

There will be a proper Train of Artillery for this Service also

Recapitulation

Louisbourg
Regulars:  14,215
Rangers:  600
Total:  14,815

Invasion of Canada by Crown Point
Regulars:  7947
Provincials:  20,000
Total:  27,947

Nova Scotia:  1500

Ohio, Fort Du Quesne &c.
Regulars:  1880
Provincials:  5000
Total:  6880
Total:  51,142

Endorsed - Disposition of His M's Forces in America

Source:
Gen. James Wolfe, "Troops Destined for the Siege of Louisbourg." LAC, War Office Records: Amherst Papers. Correspondence Between the Commander-in-Chief and Various Officers in Cape Breton Island, 1759-1763. W.O. 34, vol. 18, pp. 241-244.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2017.