Colonel Simon Fraser, Commanding Officer
78th Regiment of Foot, 1757-63

Friday, June 15, 2018

Lt. Hugh Fraser Transfers to the 78th Regiment, Oct. 1761

Writing from Staten Island in the fall of 1761, General Jeffrey Amherst informs the Honorable Governor James Murray regarding the recent commission sold to Lieutenant Hugh Fraser, 27th Inniskilling Regiment, and his impending transfer to the 78th Regiment. Military transfers of this nature were often necessary to maintain the proper distribution of troop levels across the regiments during the campaign.





Staten Island 25th Octr. 1761

Dear Sir,
I Have granted a Commission to Lieut. Fraser of the 27th. to the Company in Frasers, and he now Sets out to Joyn the Regt. and will Deliver you this with my other Letters.

I am, with great Truth & Regard
                                                                                       
Dear Sir,  &c.

Jeff Amherst
______

Copy
______

P.S. The Company is Capt: Fraser's who sells out.

Hon: Govr. Murray.

Note: Lt. Hugh Fraser is the only Fraser officer in 1762 to be identified as having previously served with the 27th Inniskilling Regiment.

Source:
Jeffrey Amherst, "Letters from the Commanders-in-Chief, New York to the Governor of Quebec, 1760-1763." War Office Records: Amherst Papers. W.O. 34, vol. 3.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey. British Officers Serving in America, 1754-1774. Boston, 1894.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.


Friday, June 1, 2018

General Forbes' Letter to Colonel Simon Fraser, Sep. 1757

Writings of General John Forbes
New York Septr. 16th 1757.~
Sir,

I am commanded by the Earl of Loudoun, to acquaint you, that as your Regiment is ordered directly to New York, that you will order Returns to be made out, to be deliver'd in upon your Arrival there.

- 1st: A General Return of the Battalion, with the Numbers of your Supernumeraries.
- 2d: A Copy of your Recruiting Accounts, stating the Time from Whence the Pay of the Battalion commenced; the Sum allowed by the Government for inlisting each man; With a true State of the Sums paid for Recruiting and Subsisting each Man. As also the Number that the Regiment consisted of, from the 24th of December last, and so forward weekly to the 24th. of June.

You are likewise to give and Account to what Time the Pay of the Regiment has been issued from the Pay Office into your Agent's Hands; and to what Time the Regiment has received Money for their Subsistence; and what Provision is made for supporting the Regiment that his Lordship may give Orders accordingly.
In Case that his Lordship be gone from hence, before your Arrival, You are to take the Earliest Opportunity of transmitting the above to his Lordship, wherever he may chance to be. And in His Absence, you will find Orders Left here with the Commanding Officer, How you are further to proceed. I am

                                                                               Sir,
                                                                                    Your most obt. Humble Servant.
                                                                                             Jno. Forbes.
Lt. Colo. Fraser

-------
Copy
-------

[Endorsed:] Copy. A Letter from Colonel John Forbes Adjt. Genl. to Lieut. Colonel Fraser New York Sept. 16th 1757.

Source:
James, Alfred Procter. Writings of General John Forbes Relating to His Service in North America. Collegiate Press, Menasha, Wisconsin, 1938.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.  All rights reserved.  

Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Payroll Account of Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Private Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To 9 Weeks Pay & arrears from y'e. 5th July to y'e. 5th September
     £: 1. 10. 9
To 5 Weeks arrears of Pay from y'e. 5th Sept'r. to 10th Oct'r.
     £: 0. 8. 4
To 3 Weeks arrears @ 5p week
     £: 0. 1. 3
To 6 Weeks Pay & arrears from y'e. 17th Oct'r. to y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757
     £: 1. 0. 6
To 21 Weeks arrears of Pay from y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757 to y'e. 24th Apr'l. 1758
     £: 1. 15. 0

[Total]  £: 4. 15. 10

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Nap Sack
     £: 0. 6. 6
To 2 Haversacks & 1 Cocade
     £: 0. 2. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett buckles
     £: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & 1 Small belt
     £: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Turn Key Screw brush & wire
     £: 0. 0. 9
To Provisions at Glasgow
     £: 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
     £: 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
     £: 0. 7. 0
To 10 Months Stoppages for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1p month
     £: 0. 0. 10
To 7 Months D'o. for y'e. Barber @ 2p D’o.
     £: 0. 1. 2
To y'e. Proportion of a Cook's Frock
£: 0. 0. 8
To Cash given you at Fairf'd. & Boston
     £: 1. 8. 9

  [Total]  £: 2. 17. 7

 [Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid]

To Cash Paid as Bala'ce of Above
       £: 1. 18. 3

Halifax 4th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above Bala'ce. in full of my Pay & arrears of Pay from y'e. Date of my Attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. last as witness of my hand.     [his mark]  Thos. X  Ruſsell

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Private Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 181-82.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To Pay & arrears Due you to y'e. 24th Apr. 1758
     £: 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £: 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Napsack
£: 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£: 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£: 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£: 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£: 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£: 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£: 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£: 0. 0. 10
To 7 D'o. D'o. for y'e. barber @ 2p D'o.
£: 0. 1. 2
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£: 0. 18. 8

£: 2. 0. 0

£: 4. 2. 1

£: 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £: 2. 6. 4

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce. of y'e. Above
       £: 4. 4. 8



Halifax 17th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above ball'ce in full of my Pay & arrears of Pay Due from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs my hand
                                                                                             [signed]  John McGregor

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 12-13.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Friday, April 20, 2018

Court Martial of Corporal Angus McDonald, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1761

Court martial of Corporal Angus McDonald, 78th Regiment
In his Sketches, Stewart of Garth maintained that the high moral code of the early Highlanders meant that misconduct was virtually unknown within their regiments. Although it is true that Highlanders feature far less frequently in the General Courts Martial records than miscreants from other battalions, it would be wrong to go to the other extreme and suggest that their ranks were filled with plaster saints. A worthy champion of this violent heritage was Corporal Angus McDonald of Fraser's Highlanders, who was brought before a General Court Martial at Quebec in September 1761.

The following is a complete transcript of the corporal's legal proceedings.

Official proceedings
Proceedings of a General Court Martial held at Quebec the 25th Day of September 1761, By Virtue of a Warrant from his Excellency Governor Murray dated the 24th said Month.

Major James Agnew President.

Members:
Captain Samuel Gardiner
Captain George Byrd
Captain Robert Rutherford
Captain John Carden
Captain Edmund Malcome
Captain John Brown
Captain Nicholas Cox
Captain James Dalrymple
Captain Thomas Smelt
Captain Robert Brigstock
Captain Henry Alt
Captain Edward Crymble

Hector Theophilus Cramaché Deputy Judge Advocate.

Opening statement
The Court being duly Sworn the Prisoner Angus MacDonald of the 78th Regiment was brought before the Court and tried for quitting his Post, and robbing several of the French Inhabitants under Pretence he had orders to take Quarters for some Troops.

Deposition of Lieutenant Henry Marr
A Letter from Lieutenant Marr of the 47th Regiment dated the 21st of September at St. Lawrence to Lieutenant Mills as Town Adjutant.

St. Lawrence 21st September 1761
Dear Sir,
When I left St Francois to proceed to this Place, I was ordered by Major Irving to leave a Corporal, and two Men, as a Guard, to the King's wood; I accordingly ordered the Prisoner Corporal Macdonald of the 78th Regiment to remain there, but he either tired with Solitude, or fond of Novelty and Frolick, determined to leave his Guard and cross the River to the Parishes of St. Joachim, St. Anns, and Chateau in the North Shore, where he behaved in a very extraordinary manner; as you will see by the enclosed Letter, which fully represents the Affair, when I first heard of his being absent I imagined he had deserted, and ordered Strick Search to be made for him every where till Sunday last, when I was favoured with the enclosed relating to him.

/Signed/
Henry Marr Lieutenant
47th Regiment

Deposition of Ensign Philip Pitman
A Letter from Ensign Pitman of the 19th September dated at Chateau River

Chateau River 19th Sepr. 1761
Dear Sir,
One Angus Monro or McDonald has been up and down the Parishes of St. Joachim, St. Anns, and Chateau for this week past, imposing on the Inhabitants of said Parishes in a most Vilinous, and extraordinary manner, by extorting from them Money, Horses, and anything he had occasion for shewing as he pretended an order for so doing in writing; and sometimes on refusal threatened to beat, or put them to Death, pretending to be an officer, he is a Soldier of the 78th Regiment above the middle size, and has Caroty Hair, is of Captain Nairns Company, and I understand belongs to your Party, I this Day rode from Chateau to St. Anns privetly to apprehend him, but unfortunately he was gone over to the Island an Hour before I got there, I hope you will take all possible Care to secure him, that he may be brought to Justice, I write this Letter which I send with the Captains of Malitia of whom he got four Dollars, as he did from the Captains of Malitia of the other two Parishes.

/Signed/
Ph: Pitman

Deposition of John Morris
John Morris Soldier of the 58th Regiment was sworn and deposes, that the Prisoner is a Soldier belonging to Lieutenant Marrs Party, on the Island of Orleans, and was ordered with two other Men to take some Wood, at St. Francois in that Island, and that Lieut. Marr, having received Information the Prisoner had drawn some Money from the Captains of Militia on the North Shore, the Deponent was sent by him for them, where he saw the Houses marked with scores for Quarters and Magazines as he was informed by the Canadians that he returned, and was sent to St. Francois by Lieutenant Marr with four Men, to take him up, which he did, and Carried him to Town.

Deposition of Captain Jacques Perrault
Jacques Perrault Captain of the Militia of St. Famille in the Island of Orleans being sworn deposes, that the Prisoner came to his Parish, saying he had Orders to see what Houses in his Parish were capable of receiving Men, that he asked him for his Orders, that he said he had none, and must make a Report to the General first, that afterwards he demanded four Dollars of the Deponent and upon his saying he had none, he ordered him to get a canoe with three Men and that he would go straight to Quebec, to complain, that fearing the Consequence he offered him two which he accepted, that he commanded a Canoe to carry him over to the North Shore.

Deposition of Captain Jacques Perrault
Jean Lesarre Captain of the Militia of St. Anns being sworn deposes, that he found on his Return, from Town, the Prisoner at his House, where he had landed from St. Famille, that the Prisoner told him he must shew him the best Houses to Lodge 48 Men, and they must cut and carry to the water Side every Week 48 Cords of Wood, that he, or his Serjeant must go with him to St. Joachim what he made him assemble the whole Parish, nay even ordered the Women to appear, and said he would not Quarter Men in the Houses where there were young Women, that he demanded five Dollars, that the Deponent not having a farthing was obliged to search the whole Parish to borrow three, for which he pretended to give a Receipt, now produced, being a Scrap of paper, with some scratches on it, the Deponent further says the Prisoner was there three Days backwards and forewards in this Parish, and that he appeared to him the whole Time very much in his Senses, in the same manner he does now, and further that he ordered a Canoe to carry him back to St. Famille.

The Deponent being asked upon what pretense the Prisoner demanded the Money, says, he informed him, it was the Generals order he should have five Dollars of each Captain for his Expenses, produced five, or six Papers, which he said were these orders, and threatened to send him to Quebec, if he did not comply.

Deposition of Captain Francis Raneour
Francis Raneour Captain of the Militia of St. Joachim being sworn deposes, he was sent for by the Prisoner to a Publick House, about ¾ of a League from his, that after some Time he told him he must Quarter 48 Men, and some Officers; to the amount of Sixty, and demands four Dollars, which the Deponent protested he could not comply with, after pressing, the Man of the Publick House lent the Man four Dollars, which he gave the Prisoner, who returned him a Shilling, that he did not give a Receipt, but took his name down upon a Piece of Paper.

The Deponent being asked upon what Pretence he demanded the four Dollars, says by the Generals Order, and it would be repaid by his Secretary.

Deposition of Captain Eustache Bacon
Eustache Bacon Captain of the Militia of Chateau Richer being sworn deposes that he was sent for by the Prisoner to a House where he was told to assemble the Company next morning at Six Oclock, that representing this was a little too early he put it till eight o'clock, that he afterwards demanded four dollars of him, by order of the Governor, and after making some Difficulty, he borrowed two French Crowns, and two Dollars, which he gave the Prisoner who returned one Shilling.

The Deponent being asked if the Prisoner appeared at all wrong in the head, answers on the Contrary appeared very Sensible.

Deposition of Corporal Angus McDonald
The Prisoner in his Defence says he was out of his Senses at that Time, that he is subject to the falling Sickness, for which he was marked down by Doctor Russel to be discharged, and that he is generally out of his Senses three Days after he comes out of a Fitt, one of which he had before he left the Island of Orleans.

Deposition of Ensign Gregarson
Ensign Gregarson of the 2d Battalion of the Royal American Regiment being sworn Deposes, that he was in the 78th Regt. and heard that the Prisoner had Fitts, but never heard that he was Mad; being asked if he ever saw him in Fitts, or Mad, says not.

Deposition of Ensign Robert McPherson
Ensign Robert McPherson of said Battalion being sworn, Deposes, that he remembers the Prisoner, in the Regiment in which he was Volunteer, and never heard of his having Fitts, till this day.

Deposition of Serjeant James Robinson
Serjeant James Robinson of the 78th Regiment being Sworn, Deposes, that he heard a Serjeant who kept the Hospital say the Prisoner had the falling Sickness. 

Verdict
The Court having heard and examined the Allegations against the Prisoner, together with what he has to offer in his Defence Is of opinion that Angus McDonald Soldier of the 78th Regiment is Guilty of the Charge brought against him, and doth adjudge him to receive two thousand Lashes, To repay the Captains of Militia the Money said McDonald extorted from them, if there is so much owing to him by his Captain, or be put under Stoppages, not exceeding one half of his Pay till the whole is repaid.

Sentencing confirmation
I do hereby confirm the foregoing Sentence, that Angus McDonald Soldier in the 78th Regiment shall receive two thousand Lashes and repay the Money extorted from the Captains of Militia.

Given under my Hand at
Quebec this 26th Sept. 1761
/Signed/
Ja: Murray

Note: Corporal Angus McDonald does not appear on any known muster rolls after this date and is assumed to have been discharged prior to the official disbandment of the regiment in December 1763.

Sources: 
General Courts Martial records, Quebec, 25 September 1761, TNA WO 71/71.

Stewart, Sketches of the Highlanders, I, 235-6.

Brumwell, Stephen, Redcoats: The British Soldier and War in the Americas, 1755-1763, pp. 280-1. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To Pay & arrears Due you to y'e. 24th Apr. 1758
     £ 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £ 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Napsack
£ 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£ 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£ 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£ 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£ 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£ 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£ 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£ 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£ 0. 0. 10
To 7 D'o. D'o. for y'e. barber @ 2p D'o.
£ 0. 1. 2
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 18. 8

£ 2. 6. 11
To Cash Paid as Ball'ce. of y'e. above
£ 3. 4. ½

£ 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £ 2. 6. 4

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce. of y'e. Above
       £ 4. 4. 8

Halifax 17th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above ball'ce in full of all my Pay & arrears of Pay Due from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs my hand
                                                                                             [signed]  John Watson

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 10-11.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To 9 Weeks Pay w. arrears and 2 weeks arrears due from y'e. 5th July to
y'e. 5th Septr.
£ 3. 3. 2
To 6 Weeks arrears at Halifax from y'e. 5th Sept'r. to y'e. 17th Oct'r 1757
£ 0. 5. 10
To 6 Weeks pay & arrears due from y'e. 17th Oct'r. to y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757
£ 2. 1. 0
To 21 Weeks arrears due from y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757 to y'e. 24th Apr'l. 1758
£ 1. 1. 0

[Total]  £ 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Nap sack
£ 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£ 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£ 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£ 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£ 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£ 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£ 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£ 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£ 0. 0. 15
To 7 months stoppge for y'e. barber @ 2p month
£ 0. 1. 2
To mend'g. y'e. Pistle at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 1. ½
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 18. 8

[Total]  £ 2. 7. 11½

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce of y'e. Above
       £ 4. 3. ½

Halifax 17th May 1758 Recd y'e. above ball'ce in full of all my Pay &  arrears of Pay from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs of my hand
                                                                                           [signed]  Alex'r. Rose Serjt.

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758."  Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS, GD125-34-5, pp. 8-9.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.