Thursday, February 15, 2018

Letter from Colonel Simon Fraser to General Forbes, Feb. 1758

The following letter, dated 10 February 1758, is from Lt.-Col. Simon Fraser, Second Highland Battalion [78th Regiment], to Colonel John Forbes, Adjutant General. The main body of the letter focuses on the pending litigation against Serjeant Fraser for his involvement in the death of Corporal Mackay [an indictment laid for murder] in Connecticut, both men of the regiment. The colonel appears to be wrestling with the idea of having to turn the serjeant over for civil trial.

Dear Sir

Capt. Crauford Surprized me greatly yesterday by saying you wanted the Monthly Return of our Regiment for the 24th January, that Return I sent as I did the one for the former Month in a sealed Cover to General Webb, & my Servant deliver'd it Sunday was tonight the 29th at the Genl's house to an Elderly Man who seem'd to be a Servant out of livery.

From what you wrote me some weeks ago I was in hopes to have had Orders for Serjeant Fraser's tryal here by a Court Martial or for sending him to New York for that purpose. I have had great difficulty to prevent him being claim'd hitherto, not that they are desirous of trying him, on the contrary they had rather avoid it but they are afraid if they don't claim him he will not be tryed at all & that his guilt will fall upon the land; they declare all they desire is that he shou'd have a fair tryal, & that they woud chuse it shoud be a Military rather than a Civil one, but unleſs some directions are given imediatly about his tryal by a Court Martial, it will be impossible for me to persuade them that it is intended to be done at all; they consider it as a great compliment taking my word for it for some weeks past, during which time they say they have avoided interfering in order to see if My Lord intended a Military trial, for God's sake My Dear Sir, put My Lord in mind to do something about this poor unhappy Man, whose 'twere pity shoud be in the hand of uncultivated creatures, for the King has not a better Soldier.

I find you heard of a Soldiers being given up for a peccadillo at Stanford, it was done without my knowledge & I have since got him released, I don't know how far My Lord will chuse to have Men given up for triffling Offences when the people are capricious enough to desire it, especialy as our united experience thro all the Cantonments proves, that the people of the Country are apt to grow rather insolent upon great indulgence, & that a mixture of the Soure with the Sweet if necessary to keep upon good terms with them.

                                I am with great regard
                                 
                                                               Dear Sir

                                                                        Your most Obedient & most humble
                                                                            Servant S. Fraser

Stratford Febry 10th 1758

Source:
Colonel Simon Fraser, "Letter of Col. Simon Fraser to Colonel Forbes, Adjutant General, at His House in the Broadway or at the Fort, New York." NAS, GD45-2-29, pp. 15-16. 

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Saturday, February 3, 2018

Colonel Simon Fraser's Recruits

Alexander Fraser [1860-1936], a native of Inverness-shire, who was the first Archivist of Ontario [1903-35], was an acknowledged authority on Scottish history in general and Fraser history in particular. In 1934 he advised a descendant of Malcolm Fraser of Mount Murray that the Rev. Dr. Archibald MacDonald - then quite an old man - had written a short history of the Lords of Lovat. In The Old Lords of Lovat and Beaufort [1934], Dr. MacDonald included the muster roll of 71 recruits raised in 1757 for Colonel Simon Fraser, by James Fraser of Belladrum, as well as extracts of correspondence between Belladrum and Bailie James Fraser, merchant, Inverness, which shed some light on Belladrum's involvement with the Fraser Highlanders. The following except and subsequent soldiers' muster roll originally appeared as part of that publication.

“...In connection with the enlistment of men for the Fraser Highlanders, the following roll of 71 recruits was raised in 1757 by James Fraser of Belladrum, and preserved among the Belladrum papers. The men were drawn chiefly from the district of Inverness, and their interest lies to some extent in the fact that none of them seem to measure more than 5 feet 9-1/2 inches in height.” 

1757, --- Roll of Men Enlisted for the Honble Coll Fraser's Regimt by Jas. Fraser.

Jan 15:
Name: Alex Cameron, Butcher, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 1st

Jan 17:
Jno MacKenzie, Do
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 3d

Jas MacKenzie, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 32
Dn: 3d

Hugh Fraser, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 27
Dn: 3d

Jan 18:
Jno Fraser, Weaver, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 3d

Jno Grant, Duthel
Size: 5: 9
Age: 31
Dn: 1st

Jan 19:
Willm Fraser, Hyrer, Invs
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 33
Dn: 1st

Jan 20
Thos Campbell, Breakachie
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 28
Dn: 3d

Jan 21
Jno McDonald, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 19
Dn: 3d

Jno McDonald, Pyper, Kinchyle
Size: 5: 3
Age: 21
Dn: 2d

Walter Simson, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 5-1/4
Age: 19

Jan 24
Wm Mack Queen, Daviot
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 3d

Jno MacKenzie, from Urray
Size: 5: 3
Age 18
Dn: 3d

Jan 25
Wm Williamson, Castlehill
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 18

Collin McDonald, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 30
Dn: 3d

Jno Shaw, Weaver, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 19

Jan 26:
Alexr Vauss, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 27
Dn: 2d

John Fraser, Robbie, Invs
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age, 18

Jan 27
Thomas Fraser, Baker, Do
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age: 15

Alexr Fraser, Do, Do
Size: 5: 1
Age: 16

Dun McTavish, Aberaider
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 23
Dn: 3d

Rod McKenzie, Aberaider
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 18

Angus McArthur, Troternish
Size: 5: 6-1/4
Age: 36
Dn: 3d

Jno Robertson, Bewlie
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 20
Dn: 3d

Jan 28:
Don Fraser, McWilliam, Moniack
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 20
Dn: 3d

Alexr Cameron, Culchuniack
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 19
Dn: 1st

Alexr Vauss, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 29
Dn: 2d

Geo McKenzie, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 9
Age: 20
Dn: 1st

Jan 29:
Jno McLeod, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 3d

Jan 31:
Alexr Baillie, Invs
Size: 5: 4-1/4
Age: 26
Dn: 3d

Simon Fraser, Culduthell
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 30
Dn: 3d

Jno Fraser, Muirtown
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 1st

Alexr MackLeod, Joyner
Size: 5: 8
Age: 28
Dn: 1st

Feb 1
Don Cameron. Glenstrafarer
Size: 5: 7
Age: 25
Dn: 1st

Feb 2:
Don Fraser, Croy
Size: 5: 7-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 1st

Doug McDonald, Invs
Size: 5: 3
Age: 19
Dn: 3d

No. 37

Feb 2:
Archibald Mack Queen, Moy
Size: 5: 7
Age: 38
Dn: 3d

Jany 28:
John Gordon, Duthel
Size: 5: 3
Age: 21

Feb 5:
Alex Munro, Duthel
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 17
Dn: 3d

Feb 7:
Alexr Mackay, Kingussie
Size: 5: 5-1/4
Age: 31
Dn: 4d

Dun McKenzie, Petty
Size: 5: 3-1/4
Age: 18

Jno Fraser, Dunain
Size: 5: 3
Age: 18

Dun Munro, Culkaiback
Size: 5: 5
Age: 18

Feb 9:
Willm Fraser, Cantra
Size: 5: 5-3/4
Age: 20
Dn: 1st

Feb 10:
Andw Mack Lean, Davochgarnoch
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 19

Feb 11:
Alexr Grigor, Croy
Size: 5: 3
Age: 17

Neil Mackleod, Invs
Size: 5: 4
Age: 34

Feb 12:
Jno McDonald senr, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 29
Dn: 3d

Feb 14:
Alex Mackenzie, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3
Age: 34

Feb 15:
Alex Munro, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 9
Age: 22
Dn: 2d

Feb 18:
Murdoch Mackenzie, Do
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 39
Dn: 4d

Feb 3:
James Mackdonald, Do
Size: 5: 1-1/2
Age:

Alex Fraser, Joyner
Size: 5: 1-1/2
Age:
Dn: 2d

Feb 15:
Jno Mack, Crae
Size: 5: 2
Age: 18

Feb 16:
Donald Munro
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age: 20

Mar 1:
Alexr Fraser, serjeant
Size: 5: 6
Age: 23

Mar 3:
Donald McPherson,
Size: 5: 5
Age: 38

James Glass
Size: 5: 2
Age: 18

Donald McIntosh
Size: 5: 2
Age 17

Mar 9:
Donald Cameron, K's, Milne
Size: 5: 3
Age: 19
Dn: 4th

Feb 24:
Farquhar McGilvray, Moy
Size: 5: 4
Age: 28

Mar 2:
James Gregory
Size: 5: 9
Age: 40
Dn: 3d

Mar 11:
John Fraser, Wright, Culloden
Size: 5: 7-1/2
Age: 40
Dn: 2d

James Forsyth, Croy
Size: 5: 4
Age: 29

Mar 14:
John McDonald, Tobacconist
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 19
Dn: 2d

Kenneth Mackenzie, Petty
Size: 5: 5
Age: 19
Dn: 2d

John Fraser, Culloden, 17 years old
Size: 5: 4-3/4
Age: 37

Mar 19:
Jno Shaw, Edenkilie
Size: 5: 8-3/4
Age: 25
Dn: 3d

Angus McDonell, serj, 26 Janry
Size: 5: 9-1/2
Age: 24
Dn: 4th

No. 70

Mar 29:
Neil Mack Lean, Troternish, Culloden
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 19

Ap 2:
Thomas Fraser, Kinmylies
Size: 5: 6-1/4
Age: 27

Abbreviations:
Dn: Division
Do: Ditto

James Fraser of Belladrum was appointed lieutenant in Col. Fraser's regiment on 4 January 1757 and carried with the colonel on the official Army Lists through 1760, where he is listed as "resigns" from the regiment. He reappears as captain in the 87th Regiment of Foot [or Highland Volunteers, Germany] in 1761, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Murray Keith.

Some historians have asserted these 71 recruits never made it to North America with the main body of Fraser's men and were sent to fight with Belladrum in Germany in 1759. Those claims, however, cannot be substantiated. Serjeants Alexander Fraser [March 1] and Angus McDonell [March 19] both appear with the 78th Regiment on the list of 170 Soldiers Discharged in North America; the former in Colonel Fraser's Company, the latter in Captain Alexander McLeod's Company. Additional sources also describe the original recruits of the 87th Foot as a nucleus of drafts from Lord Murray's supernumeraries of the 42nd Foot, the Black Watch

Because such a limited amount of paperwork relating to the original recruitment of soldiers for Fraser's 78th Highlanders has survived, this document could prove quite valuable in identifying men from the regiment thought to have ancestral roots in northern Scotland.

A check of the records of the Fraser of Belladrum papers at the National Library of Scotland indicates the absence of this original muster roll from the collection; nor can it be confirmed as being held in private hands.

Sources:
Bulloch, John Malcolm. Territorial Soldiering in the North-East of Scotland during 1759-1814 [Aberdeen, 1914].

Marie Fraser, "The Old 78th Regiment of Foot." Clan Fraser Society of Canada, 2001.

Kronoskaf. Origin and History of the 87th Foot. http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=87th_Foot.

MacDonald, Archibald, Reverend. The Old Lords of Lovat and Beaufort [Northern Counties Newspaper and Publishing, 1934].

War Office Records. List of General and Field Officers as they Rank in the Army, 1757-1761 [National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, U.K.]

"Inventory of Family papers of Fraser of Belladrum." NAS, GB233/Acc.11244.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Thursday, February 1, 2018

Payroll Account of Corporal Hugh Tulloch, 1758

Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Corporal Hugh Tulloch, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758.

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To 9 Weeks arrears & Pay Due from y'e. 5th July to y'e. 5th Septr
  £2. 0. 10½
To 5 Weeks arrears of Pay Due from y'e. 5th Septr to y'e. 10th Octr
£0. 8. 1½
To 3 Weeks arrears @ 

To 6 Weeks Pay & arrears Due from y'e. 17th Octr to y'e. 28th Novr
£1. 7. 3
To 21 Weeks arrears of Pay Due from y'e. 28th Novr 1757 to y'e. 24th
Aprl 1758
£1. 14. 1½

[Total]  £5. 10. 4½
To 4 Weeks Pay Due on y'e. march in Ireland from Drummore 
to Cork
£0. 18. 2

[Total]  £6. 8. 6½

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Napsack
£0. 6. 6
To 2 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£0. 2. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£0. 1. 4
To 1 Turn Key Screw brush & wire
£0. 0. 9
To Provision at Glasgow
£0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1 1/2p Month
£0. 0. 10
To 7 D'o. D'o. for y'e. barber @ 2p D'o.
£0. 1. 2
To 4 Weeks Pay given into y'e. Hospt. at Halifax
£0. 15. 0
To cash given you at Fairfield
£0. 18. 8
To cash advance by Y'e. Colonel in Ireland
£0. 15. 0

[Total]  £3. 18. 3

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Ball'ce. of y'e. Above
       £1. 12. 1

[Total]  £5. 10. 4½
To more Cash Paid him as ball'ce for 4 weeks Pay & arrears
in Ireland
£6. 8. 6½

To Cash Paid him as Ball'ce. of y'e. Above
£2. 10. 3½


Halifax 17th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above ball'ce. in full of my Pay & arrears of Pay Due from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs my hand
                                                                                             [signed]  Hugh Tulloch

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll Account of Corporal Hugh Tulloch, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS, GD125-34-5, pp. 14-15.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.