Colonel Simon Fraser, Commanding Officer
78th Regiment of Foot, 1757-63

Sunday, July 15, 2018

The Siege of Quebec: Week Two


July 4, 1759. This morning a flag of truce sent into town. In the afternoon another sent from town ; the business not known ; excessive rain and thunder, succeeding by lightning. The Light Infantry under orders of marching all this day.

5th. Colonel Burton, with the 48th regiment and Major Dalling's Light Infantry, took post opposite the south side of the town. The General and Admiral (Saunders) reconoitered the post, and it's expected a bomb-battery will be erected there.

6th. This morning one of Admiral Saunder's barges was taken by some canoes with armed men in them. The sailors got so near on shore that they leaped into the water and escaped, excepting one wounded man who was taken.

Remained under arms where posted the evening of the 5th till four o'clock this evening, when we marched to the camp at Point Levy.

At twelve o'clock this night marched to -------; lay in ambush for a party of Arcadians and Miomac Indians.

7th. Lay in a most disagreeable swamp inclosed with wood, where we discovered nothing ; the men were not so silent and attentive as was wished. At 10 o'clock at night marched from here, examining all the houses as we went along, and halted at the church of Beaumont, where the men was lodged. Consisted of 300, the party, 12 miles from camp at Point Levy.

8th. Lay in Beaumont Church most of this day. At noon discovered men walking at the border of the woods. Several parties sent out to endeavour to make prisoners. None taken. The parties brought in several sheep, hogs, fowls, &c., with a great quantity of household furniture and wearing apparel, at which conduct Major Dalling seem'd greatly offended. All the household furniture and wearing apparel deposited in the church of Beaumont, with a manifesto fixed on the church door.

9th. Marched from Beaumont to Point Levy. On our arrival was informed that General Wolfe the night before had landed on the north side of the River St. Lawrence, and to the eastward of Montmorency Falls with the Grenadiers Light Infantry, and most of the 2nd and 3rd brigades. The regiments at Point Levy struck their tents, and remained in the woods for 12 hours, when they encamped on their old ground, which consequently made the enemy imagine the whole were on the north shore, and gave time to General Wolfe to take post and fortify his camp.

10th. A soldier of the 48th regiment deserted to the enemy from his post.

Major Dalling, with two companies of his detachment, marched to reinforce Colonel Burton. Towards evening great thunder, lightning, and rain. Little done.

Source:
Anonymous. Journal of the particular transactions during the siege of Quebec: at anchor opposite the Island of Orleans, July 26th, 1759. London, Quebec, 1901.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, July 1, 2018

The Siege of Quebec: Week One

JOURNAL

OF THE PARTICULAR TRANSACTIONS

DURING THE SIEGE OF QUEBEC

AT ANCHOR OPPOSITE THE ISLAND OF ORLEANS

JULY 26TH 1759

BY AN OFFICER OF FRASER'S REGT


Prefatory note: The name of the author of this journal is not known, but it is supposed to have been an officer, or non-commissioned officer in "Fraser's Highlanders." The original manuscript is property of Mr. Galloway, of Inverness. In comparing the dates of the various events recorded, with those given by other writers of the period, it is perceived the original author is generally accurate. There are also many particulars given of the last days of the Siege, which are of exceptional value.

The Siege of Quebec

June 27, 1759. This morning the greatest part of the army landed on the Island of Orleans. Afternoon of this day it blew excessively hard, the consequence of which occasioned a great many boats sunk and staved, particularly several transports driving from their anchors and running on shore.

28th. The remaining part of the army landed, at which a sudden gale of wind arised, which endangered the troops debarking, as also damaging the ship greatly. More boats lost.

29th. This morning about 1 o'clock the enemy, by favour of a N.W. wind and ebb of tide, sent down several fire ships and rafts with an intention to destroy the fleets : but the activity of the sailors with their boats and grapplings prevented any bad consequence attending thereto.

Major Dalling's detachment of Light Infantry under arms all night occasioned to an alarm given by Capt. ------- of Kennedy's regiment leaving his post, and coming into camp at an unseasonable hour.

The Louisbourg Grenadiers, Major Dalling's Light Infantry, and two companies of Rangers took post on the west end of the Island of Orleans, discovered four separate encampments of the enemy (north side of the river), twixt the Falls of Montmorency and the town, being 10 miles distance, strongly fortified, being the general rendez-vous called Beauport where the enemy were constantly employed in rendering defensive from the first appearance of our fleet in the River St. Lawrence.

This evening 6 men wounded on the west end of the Island of Orleans, belonging to Amherst's and Kennedy's regiments.

30th. Amherst's, Kennedy's, Webb's, and Fraser's regiments decamped from the west end of the Island of Orleans, embarked on board flat-bottomed boats, crossed the river St. Lawrence, and landed on the south side. Had some picquering with the enemy's Irregulars, of which they killed four, took THREE prisoners, and beat the remainder off from a post they occupied opposite to Cape Diamond ; after which the army took post at Point Levy, and remained quiet all night without the least molestation.

This morning two grenadiers of Whitemore's regiment were scalped, and most cruelly mangled on the east end of the Island of Orleans by three lurking Indians, who, after the murder, made their escape in their canoes to the north shore occupied by the enemy.

July 1st. Bragg's, Lasscell's, and Anstruther's regiments, under the command of Brigadier Townshend, marched from their former camp on the west end to the east point of the Island of Orleans. And the Light Infantry from thence to Point Levy on our arrival.... was informed that the 4 regiments posted here suffered by a cannonading from floating batteries or boats mounting 6 and 9-pounders. Amherst had 4 killed and wounded, and Fraser's 12 men.

2nd. A large detachment from the four regiments under the command of Brigadier-General Moncton, flanked by the Light Infantry, escorted General Wolfe, who went a reconoitering two miles to the west-ward of the camp at Point Levy. Discovered a few Canadians and Indians who fired on us from behind a bush. NONE HURT. 

3rd. Very rainy weather ; nothing done ; all quiet.

Source:
Anonymous. Journal of the particular transactions during the siege of Quebec: at anchor opposite the Island of Orleans, July 26th, 1759. London, Quebec, 1901.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Friday, June 15, 2018

Lt. Hugh Fraser Transfers to the 78th Regiment, Oct. 1761

Writing from Staten Island in the fall of 1761, General Jeffrey Amherst informs the Honorable Governor James Murray regarding the recent commission sold to Lieutenant Hugh Fraser, 27th Inniskilling Regiment, and his impending transfer to the 78th Regiment. Military transfers of this nature were often necessary to maintain the proper distribution of troop levels across the regiments during the campaign.





Staten Island 25th Octr. 1761

Dear Sir,
I Have granted a Commission to Lieut. Fraser of the 27th. to the Company in Frasers, and he now Sets out to Joyn the Regt. and will Deliver you this with my other Letters.

I am, with great Truth & Regard
                                                                                       
Dear Sir,  &c.

Jeff Amherst
______

Copy
______

P.S. The Company is Capt: Fraser's who sells out.

Hon: Govr. Murray.

Note: Lt. Hugh Fraser is the only Fraser officer in 1762 to be identified as having previously served with the 27th Inniskilling Regiment. A full list of officers to have served with the 78th Regiment is located here.

Source:
Jeffrey Amherst, "Letters from the Commanders-in-Chief, New York to the Governor of Quebec, 1760-1763." War Office Records: Amherst Papers. W.O. 34, vol. 3.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey. British Officers Serving in America, 1754-1774. Boston, 1894.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.


Friday, June 1, 2018

General Forbes' Letter to Colonel Simon Fraser, Sep. 1757

Writings of General John Forbes
New York Septr. 16th 1757.~
Sir,

I am commanded by the Earl of Loudoun, to acquaint you, that as your Regiment is ordered directly to New York, that you will order Returns to be made out, to be deliver'd in upon your Arrival there.

- 1st: A General Return of the Battalion, with the Numbers of your Supernumeraries.
- 2d: A Copy of your Recruiting Accounts, stating the Time from Whence the Pay of the Battalion commenced; the Sum allowed by the Government for inlisting each man; With a true State of the Sums paid for Recruiting and Subsisting each Man. As also the Number that the Regiment consisted of, from the 24th of December last, and so forward weekly to the 24th. of June.

You are likewise to give and Account to what Time the Pay of the Regiment has been issued from the Pay Office into your Agent's Hands; and to what Time the Regiment has received Money for their Subsistence; and what Provision is made for supporting the Regiment that his Lordship may give Orders accordingly.
In Case that his Lordship be gone from hence, before your Arrival, You are to take the Earliest Opportunity of transmitting the above to his Lordship, wherever he may chance to be. And in His Absence, you will find Orders Left here with the Commanding Officer, How you are further to proceed. I am

                                                                               Sir,
                                                                                    Your most obt. Humble Servant.
                                                                                             Jno. Forbes.
Lt. Colo. Fraser

-------
Copy
-------

[Endorsed:] Copy. A Letter from Colonel John Forbes Adjt. Genl. to Lieut. Colonel Fraser New York Sept. 16th 1757.

Source:
James, Alfred Procter. Writings of General John Forbes Relating to His Service in North America. Collegiate Press, Menasha, Wisconsin, 1938.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.  All rights reserved.  

Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Payroll Account of Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Private Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To 9 Weeks Pay & arrears from y'e. 5th July to y'e. 5th September
     £: 1. 10. 9
To 5 Weeks arrears of Pay from y'e. 5th Sept'r. to 10th Oct'r.
     £: 0. 8. 4
To 3 Weeks arrears @ 5p week
     £: 0. 1. 3
To 6 Weeks Pay & arrears from y'e. 17th Oct'r. to y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757
     £: 1. 0. 6
To 21 Weeks arrears of Pay from y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757 to y'e. 24th Apr'l. 1758
     £: 1. 15. 0

[Total]  £: 4. 15. 10

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Nap Sack
     £: 0. 6. 6
To 2 Haversacks & 1 Cocade
     £: 0. 2. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett buckles
     £: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & 1 Small belt
     £: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Turn Key Screw brush & wire
     £: 0. 0. 9
To Provisions at Glasgow
     £: 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
     £: 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
     £: 0. 7. 0
To 10 Months Stoppages for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1p month
     £: 0. 0. 10
To 7 Months D'o. for y'e. Barber @ 2p D’o.
     £: 0. 1. 2
To y'e. Proportion of a Cook's Frock
£: 0. 0. 8
To Cash given you at Fairf'd. & Boston
     £: 1. 8. 9

  [Total]  £: 2. 17. 7

 [Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid]

To Cash Paid as Bala'ce of Above
       £: 1. 18. 3

Halifax 4th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above Bala'ce. in full of my Pay & arrears of Pay from y'e. Date of my Attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. last as witness of my hand.     [his mark]  Thos. X  Ruſsell

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Private Thomas Russell, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 181-82.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To Pay & arrears Due you to y'e. 24th Apr. 1758
     £: 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £: 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Napsack
£: 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£: 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£: 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£: 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£: 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£: 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£: 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£: 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£: 0. 0. 10
To 7 D'o. D'o. for y'e. barber @ 2p D'o.
£: 0. 1. 2
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£: 0. 18. 8

£: 2. 0. 0

£: 4. 2. 1

£: 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £: 2. 6. 4

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce. of y'e. Above
       £: 4. 4. 8



Halifax 17th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above ball'ce in full of my Pay & arrears of Pay Due from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs my hand
                                                                                             [signed]  John McGregor

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant John McGregor, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 12-13.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Friday, April 20, 2018

Court Martial of Corporal Angus McDonald, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1761

Court martial of Corporal Angus McDonald, 78th Regiment
In his Sketches, Stewart of Garth maintained that the high moral code of the early Highlanders meant that misconduct was virtually unknown within their regiments. Although it is true that Highlanders feature far less frequently in the General Courts Martial records than miscreants from other battalions, it would be wrong to go to the other extreme and suggest that their ranks were filled with plaster saints. A worthy champion of this violent heritage was Corporal Angus McDonald of Fraser's Highlanders, who was brought before a General Court Martial at Quebec in September 1761.

The following is a complete transcript of the corporal's legal proceedings.

Official proceedings
Proceedings of a General Court Martial held at Quebec the 25th Day of September 1761, By Virtue of a Warrant from his Excellency Governor Murray dated the 24th said Month.

Major James Agnew President.

Members:
Captain Samuel Gardiner
Captain George Byrd
Captain Robert Rutherford
Captain John Carden
Captain Edmund Malcome
Captain John Brown
Captain Nicholas Cox
Captain James Dalrymple
Captain Thomas Smelt
Captain Robert Brigstock
Captain Henry Alt
Captain Edward Crymble

Hector Theophilus Cramaché Deputy Judge Advocate.

Opening statement
The Court being duly Sworn the Prisoner Angus MacDonald of the 78th Regiment was brought before the Court and tried for quitting his Post, and robbing several of the French Inhabitants under Pretence he had orders to take Quarters for some Troops.

Deposition of Lieutenant Henry Marr
A Letter from Lieutenant Marr of the 47th Regiment dated the 21st of September at St. Lawrence to Lieutenant Mills as Town Adjutant.

St. Lawrence 21st September 1761
Dear Sir,
When I left St Francois to proceed to this Place, I was ordered by Major Irving to leave a Corporal, and two Men, as a Guard, to the King's wood; I accordingly ordered the Prisoner Corporal Macdonald of the 78th Regiment to remain there, but he either tired with Solitude, or fond of Novelty and Frolick, determined to leave his Guard and cross the River to the Parishes of St. Joachim, St. Anns, and Chateau in the North Shore, where he behaved in a very extraordinary manner; as you will see by the enclosed Letter, which fully represents the Affair, when I first heard of his being absent I imagined he had deserted, and ordered Strick Search to be made for him every where till Sunday last, when I was favoured with the enclosed relating to him.

/Signed/
Henry Marr Lieutenant
47th Regiment

Deposition of Ensign Philip Pitman
A Letter from Ensign Pitman of the 19th September dated at Chateau River

Chateau River 19th Sepr. 1761
Dear Sir,
One Angus Monro or McDonald has been up and down the Parishes of St. Joachim, St. Anns, and Chateau for this week past, imposing on the Inhabitants of said Parishes in a most Vilinous, and extraordinary manner, by extorting from them Money, Horses, and anything he had occasion for shewing as he pretended an order for so doing in writing; and sometimes on refusal threatened to beat, or put them to Death, pretending to be an officer, he is a Soldier of the 78th Regiment above the middle size, and has Caroty Hair, is of Captain Nairns Company, and I understand belongs to your Party, I this Day rode from Chateau to St. Anns privetly to apprehend him, but unfortunately he was gone over to the Island an Hour before I got there, I hope you will take all possible Care to secure him, that he may be brought to Justice, I write this Letter which I send with the Captains of Malitia of whom he got four Dollars, as he did from the Captains of Malitia of the other two Parishes.

/Signed/
Ph: Pitman

Deposition of John Morris
John Morris Soldier of the 58th Regiment was sworn and deposes, that the Prisoner is a Soldier belonging to Lieutenant Marrs Party, on the Island of Orleans, and was ordered with two other Men to take some Wood, at St. Francois in that Island, and that Lieut. Marr, having received Information the Prisoner had drawn some Money from the Captains of Militia on the North Shore, the Deponent was sent by him for them, where he saw the Houses marked with scores for Quarters and Magazines as he was informed by the Canadians that he returned, and was sent to St. Francois by Lieutenant Marr with four Men, to take him up, which he did, and Carried him to Town.

Deposition of Captain Jacques Perrault
Jacques Perrault Captain of the Militia of St. Famille in the Island of Orleans being sworn deposes, that the Prisoner came to his Parish, saying he had Orders to see what Houses in his Parish were capable of receiving Men, that he asked him for his Orders, that he said he had none, and must make a Report to the General first, that afterwards he demanded four Dollars of the Deponent and upon his saying he had none, he ordered him to get a canoe with three Men and that he would go straight to Quebec, to complain, that fearing the Consequence he offered him two which he accepted, that he commanded a Canoe to carry him over to the North Shore.

Deposition of Captain Jacques Perrault
Jean Lesarre Captain of the Militia of St. Anns being sworn deposes, that he found on his Return, from Town, the Prisoner at his House, where he had landed from St. Famille, that the Prisoner told him he must shew him the best Houses to Lodge 48 Men, and they must cut and carry to the water Side every Week 48 Cords of Wood, that he, or his Serjeant must go with him to St. Joachim what he made him assemble the whole Parish, nay even ordered the Women to appear, and said he would not Quarter Men in the Houses where there were young Women, that he demanded five Dollars, that the Deponent not having a farthing was obliged to search the whole Parish to borrow three, for which he pretended to give a Receipt, now produced, being a Scrap of paper, with some scratches on it, the Deponent further says the Prisoner was there three Days backwards and forewards in this Parish, and that he appeared to him the whole Time very much in his Senses, in the same manner he does now, and further that he ordered a Canoe to carry him back to St. Famille.

The Deponent being asked upon what pretense the Prisoner demanded the Money, says, he informed him, it was the Generals order he should have five Dollars of each Captain for his Expenses, produced five, or six Papers, which he said were these orders, and threatened to send him to Quebec, if he did not comply.

Deposition of Captain Francis Raneour
Francis Raneour Captain of the Militia of St. Joachim being sworn deposes, he was sent for by the Prisoner to a Publick House, about ¾ of a League from his, that after some Time he told him he must Quarter 48 Men, and some Officers; to the amount of Sixty, and demands four Dollars, which the Deponent protested he could not comply with, after pressing, the Man of the Publick House lent the Man four Dollars, which he gave the Prisoner, who returned him a Shilling, that he did not give a Receipt, but took his name down upon a Piece of Paper.

The Deponent being asked upon what Pretence he demanded the four Dollars, says by the Generals Order, and it would be repaid by his Secretary.

Deposition of Captain Eustache Bacon
Eustache Bacon Captain of the Militia of Chateau Richer being sworn deposes that he was sent for by the Prisoner to a House where he was told to assemble the Company next morning at Six Oclock, that representing this was a little too early he put it till eight o'clock, that he afterwards demanded four dollars of him, by order of the Governor, and after making some Difficulty, he borrowed two French Crowns, and two Dollars, which he gave the Prisoner who returned one Shilling.

The Deponent being asked if the Prisoner appeared at all wrong in the head, answers on the Contrary appeared very Sensible.

Deposition of Corporal Angus McDonald
The Prisoner in his Defence says he was out of his Senses at that Time, that he is subject to the falling Sickness, for which he was marked down by Doctor Russel to be discharged, and that he is generally out of his Senses three Days after he comes out of a Fitt, one of which he had before he left the Island of Orleans.

Deposition of Ensign Gregarson
Ensign Gregarson of the 2d Battalion of the Royal American Regiment being sworn Deposes, that he was in the 78th Regt. and heard that the Prisoner had Fitts, but never heard that he was Mad; being asked if he ever saw him in Fitts, or Mad, says not.

Deposition of Ensign Robert McPherson
Ensign Robert McPherson of said Battalion being sworn, Deposes, that he remembers the Prisoner, in the Regiment in which he was Volunteer, and never heard of his having Fitts, till this day.

Deposition of Serjeant James Robinson
Serjeant James Robinson of the 78th Regiment being Sworn, Deposes, that he heard a Serjeant who kept the Hospital say the Prisoner had the falling Sickness. 

Verdict
The Court having heard and examined the Allegations against the Prisoner, together with what he has to offer in his Defence Is of opinion that Angus McDonald Soldier of the 78th Regiment is Guilty of the Charge brought against him, and doth adjudge him to receive two thousand Lashes, To repay the Captains of Militia the Money said McDonald extorted from them, if there is so much owing to him by his Captain, or be put under Stoppages, not exceeding one half of his Pay till the whole is repaid.

Sentencing confirmation
I do hereby confirm the foregoing Sentence, that Angus McDonald Soldier in the 78th Regiment shall receive two thousand Lashes and repay the Money extorted from the Captains of Militia.

Given under my Hand at
Quebec this 26th Sept. 1761
/Signed/
Ja: Murray

Note: Corporal Angus McDonald does not appear on any known muster rolls after this date and is assumed to have been discharged prior to the official disbandment of the regiment in December 1763.

Sources: 
General Courts Martial records, Quebec, 25 September 1761, TNA WO 71/71.

Stewart, Sketches of the Highlanders, I, 235-6.

Brumwell, Stephen, Redcoats: The British Soldier and War in the Americas, 1755-1763, pp. 280-1. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant John Watson, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To Pay & arrears Due you to y'e. 24th Apr. 1758
     £ 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £ 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Napsack
£ 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£ 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£ 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£ 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£ 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£ 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£ 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£ 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£ 0. 0. 10
To 7 D'o. D'o. for y'e. barber @ 2p D'o.
£ 0. 1. 2
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 18. 8

£ 2. 6. 11
To Cash Paid as Ball'ce. of y'e. above
£ 3. 4. ½

£ 6. 11. 0

[Total]  £ 2. 6. 4

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce. of y'e. Above
       £ 4. 4. 8

Halifax 17th May 1758 Rec'd. y'e. above ball'ce in full of all my Pay & arrears of Pay Due from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs my hand
                                                                                             [signed]  John Watson

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758." Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS GD125-34-5, pp. 10-11.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, The 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Payroll Account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758

Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758
Much like today, accounting books were used in the eighteenth century for documenting military pay and other related expenses accrued over periods of time. The payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment, covers the period of July 5, 1757, through April 24, 1758. 

Note: Category headers and bracketed script have been added for clarification and do not appear in the original document. Additionally, it would not be uncommon to discover accounting errors as these were gentlemen who created inaccuracies the same as you and I.

Income

To 9 Weeks Pay w. arrears and 2 weeks arrears due from y'e. 5th July to
y'e. 5th Septr.
£ 3. 3. 2
To 6 Weeks arrears at Halifax from y'e. 5th Sept'r. to y'e. 17th Oct'r 1757
£ 0. 5. 10
To 6 Weeks pay & arrears due from y'e. 17th Oct'r. to y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757
£ 2. 1. 0
To 21 Weeks arrears due from y'e. 28th Nov'r. 1757 to y'e. 24th Apr'l. 1758
£ 1. 1. 0

[Total]  £ 6. 11. 0

Expenses

To 1 Pair Shoes & 1 Nap sack
£ 0. 6. 6
To 1 Haversack & 1 Cocade
£ 0. 1. 8
To 1 Pair Garters & 1 Sett Buckles
£ 0. 1. 4
To 1 Kilt & Small Belt
£ 0. 1. 4
To Provision at Glasgow
£ 0. 4. 8
To Spruce Beer at Halifax
£ 0. 2. 8
To 2 Cheq'd. Shirts
£ 0. 7. 0
To Y'e. Proportion of a Cooks Frock
£ 0. 0. 8
To 10 months stops for y'e. Payment Serjt. @ 1½p Month
£ 0. 0. 15
To 7 months stoppge for y'e. barber @ 2p month
£ 0. 1. 2
To mend'g. y'e. Pistle at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 1. ½
To Cash given you at Fairf'd.
£ 0. 18. 8

[Total]  £ 2. 7. 11½

[Income minus Expenses equals Cash Paid] 

To Cash Paid him as Bala'ce of y'e. Above
       £ 4. 3. ½

Halifax 17th May 1758 Recd y'e. above ball'ce in full of all my Pay &  arrears of Pay from y'e. Date of my attestation to y'e. 24th Apr. Last as witneſs of my hand
                                                                                           [signed]  Alex'r. Rose Serjt.

Source:
Major James Clephane, "Payroll account of Serjeant Alexander Rose, 78th Regiment of Foot, 1758."  Military Account Book at Halifax. NAS, GD125-34-5, pp. 8-9.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

78th Regiment Grenadier Company Return of Dec. 14, 1757

The military used monthly returns which reported on the strength of each regiment, including total numbers of men present, absent, sick, or on extra daily duty, as well as giving a report of officers and some categories of enlisted men. They were a very useful and effective planning tool in eighteenth-century combat operations and are still in practical use throughout today's armed forces.

Reporting from Stratford, Connecticut in the winter month of December, Colonel Simon Fraser's 78th Grenadier Company is garrisoned at the heart of regiment headquarters.

The Present Strength of the Companey
Capt'n: 1
Lieuts: 2
Sarjts: 4
Drums: 2
Rank & file: 95
Supernumeraries present: 12
Women Victualled with the Companey: 7
Lieut. Cuthbarts Servant belonging to Captn. Campbells Compy: 1
Alexr. McCerter Musishener: 1

Total: 116

Sick in Ospetelt, Not included in Rank and file
John Fraser
Doncon Camron
Allexr. Gray

[Signed] Charl: Baille Captn.

Note: Alexander McCerter is most likely McArthur, company piper.

Cover sheet:
Return of the Present Strength of 
Captn. Baillies Companey of Granaders 
Stratford December 14th 1757

Source:
Captain Charles Baillie, "Company Return of Captain Charles Baillie, Stratford, Connecticut, Dec. 14, 1757." NAS, GD125-22-17-16a.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.



Sunday, March 11, 2018

Draught Soldiers to the 15th Regiment

15th Regiment of Foot muster report, August 1763
In the summer of 1763, having received King George's Instructions regarding the reduction of the British Armies in North America, the acting generals put in motion their plan for augmenting the three regiments that would remain guarding Quebec. It was decided the 15th, 27th, and 2d Battalion, 60th Royal Americans would be assigned this task.

An analysis of the official Subsistence Rolls of the 78th Regiment reveals approximately 358 soldiers remained in North America for this duty. Some were volunteers, others were called upon because of the time remaining on their current enlistment contracts. And while the exact numbers of soldiers transferring to the 15th Regiment cannot be positively identified [due to incomplete and ambiguous reporting on multiple levels,] between 139 and 155 draught soldiers from Colonel Simon Fraser's 78th Highlanders would join them on 25 August 1763. This fully replenished regiment would be garrisoned at Quebec; Montreal; Laprairie; St. Annes, and St. Johns over the course of the next five years, relieved by the 8th Regiment and departing North America about 8 July 1768.

The following veterans of the 78th are confirmed as having been draughted to the 15th Regiment in the summer of 1763, listed with their new company commanders. Also, this is the second indication of documented father/son family members to have served together in Fraser's Highlanders. The first occurred during Major Clephane's Company march from Kilravock to Glasgow in early 1757.

General Amherst's Company
1. Private William Bruce
2. Private Andrew McLoud
3. Private Alexander McLoud
4. Private John McIver
5. Private John McDonald

Lt.-Col. James Robertson's Company
6. Private John Beaton
7. Private Donald Cameron
8. Private Alexander Fraser
9. Private Donald McIntire
10. Private Donald McGilvery
11. Private John McDonald, Sr.
12. Private John McDonald, Jr.
13. Private Rory McLeland
14. Private John McLean
15. Private Dougal McLachlin
16. Private John McDonald
17. Private Archibald McDougall
18. Private John McTavish
19. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
20. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
21. Private Donald Smith
22. Private James Taylor

Major Irving's Company
23. Private Coll Grant
24. Private William Grant
25. Private Angus McDonell, Sr.
26. Private Angus McDonell, Jr.
27. Private Alexander McDonell
28. Private Chs. McDonell
29. Private John McDonell
30. Private Donald McDonell
31. Private Colling McDonell
32. Private John McGillevray
33. Private James McIntosh, Sr.
34. Private James McIntosh, Jr.
35. Private Donald McKay
36. Private Robert McKay
37. Private Donald McKinven
38. Private Alexander McNabb
39. Private Alexander McLoud
40. Private James McKinsey
41. Private John Monroe

Captain Francis Mukins' Company
42. Private William Gowe
43. Private John Fisher
44. Private James Lawson
45. Private John McIntire
46. Private Alexander McCawley
47. Private Donald McDonald
48. Private Duncan Smyth

Captain William Prescott's Company
49. Private George Davidson
50. Private Donald Frazer
51. Private David Jackson
52. Private Donald Levoche
53. Private Donald Mcmasters
54. Private Allen McEacheron
55. Private John McDonald, Sr.
56. Private John McKey
57. Private Robert McDonald
58. Private Farquhar McIntosh
59. Private Alexander McDonald
60. Private William McGillivie
61. Private John McDonald, Jr.
62. Private Hector McNell
63. Private Murdoch Morrison
64. Private Dunkan McKinnon
65. Private Donald McDonald
66. Private Angus McIntyre
67. Private Ewen McKay
68. Private Donald McMillen
69. Private Alexander Patterson
70. Private William Ritchey
71. Private Alexander Sutherland

Captain John Maxwell's Company
72. Private Gregor McGregor
73. Private Hugh Fraser
74. Private Angus Kennedy
75. Private Alexander McKinsey
76. Private Donald McKinvan
77. Private John McNear
78. Private James Ross
79. Private Alexander Sutherland
80. Private Donald Sutherland

Captain James Cuthbert's Company
81. Private William Campbell
82. Private John Chisham
83. Private John Fraser
84. Private Angus Gillas
85. Private John Innes
86. Private John McLean
87. Private Roderick McKenzie, Sr.
88. Private Donald McMillan
89. Private Roderick McKinzie, Jr.
90. Private Alexander McKay
91. Private William Ross

Captain Henry Hamilton's Company
92. Private William Brown
93. Private Alexander Cameron
94. Private Hugh Fraser
95. Private William Fraser
96. Private Martin Ferguson
97. Private James Glass
98. Private John Kennedy
99. Private Donald Kennedy
100. Private Roderick McLeod
101. Private John McLarren
102. Private David Mitchell
103. Private Alexander Martin
104. Private Alexander McDonald
105. Private Malcolm McPhie
106. Private Dugall McPherson
107. Private John McSwain
108. Private Alexander McLeod, Sr.
109. Private Alexander McLeod, Jr.
110. Private Angus Morrison
111. Private Hugh McCraw
112. Private Donald Ross
113. Private John Ross
114. Private John Ross
115. Private Andrew Rose
116. Private David Saunders
117. Private William Williamson

Captain Robert Strobo's Company
118. Private John Beaton
119. Private John Cameron
120. Private Alexander Frasier
121. Private David Gun
122. Private Archibald Henderson
123. Private Donald McLeod
124. Private Malcolm McLeod
125. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
126. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
127. Private Donald McDonald, Sr.
128. Private Donald McDonald, Jr.
129. Private Archibald McDonald
130. Private John McIntosh
131. Private Donald McIntire
132. Private Peter McNorton
133. Private Duncan Mckenzie
134. Private Donald McBean
135. Private James McPherson
136. Private Alexander Martin
137. Private Alexander Robertson
138. Private Robert Shaw
139. Private John Shaw

The following draughts are thought to have previously served with the 78th, but cannot be positively identified as such:

140. Corporal Lachlin Irwin
141. Private John Gillas
142. Private Angus McDonald
143. Private John Robertson
144. Private John Grant
145. Private Duncan McGregor
146. Private John McDonald
147. Private Alexander Kennedy
148. Private Roderick McDonald
149. Private Angus McDonald, Sr.
150. Private Angus McDonald, Jr.
151. Private John McDonald
152. Private John Stewart
153. Private Angus McDonald
154. Private John Smyth
155. Private John McDonald

Notes:
1. Private Bruce deserted the 15th Regiment in May 1764. Appears on the 78th's muster of 170 soldiers discharged in America.
63. Private Morrison appears on the 78th's muster dated 19 July 1763 but is absent from their Subsistence Rolls of September 1763, two months later.
70. Private Ritchey is listed as Nitchey on the 78th's Subsistence Rolls of September 1763.
143. Listed as John Robinson on subsequent yearly muster rolls through 1766.

Sources:
War Office Records. Muster Books and Paylists: General, 15th Regiment, 1760-1767. LAC, W.O. 12, vol. 3228, Microfilm C-9202.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." LAC, T.1, vol. 422.

Treasury Board Papers, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." TNA, T.1, vol. 422.

Marie Fraser, "Subsistence Rolls of Fraser's Highlanders (the 78th), 1763." Clan Fraser Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

McIntosh, Walter H. 78th or Colonel Simon Fraser's Regiment [Topsfield, Massachusetts, n.d.].

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Thursday, March 1, 2018

Generosity

Generosity increasingly came in the 17th century to signify a variety of traits of character and action historically associated [whether accurately or not] with the ideals of actual nobility: gallantry, courage, strength, richness, gentleness, and fairness.

Writing in his journal late in the month of November 1759, General Townshend unknowingly documented the empathy and personal character of each and every man of Fraser's Highlanders, regarding their collective generosity and monetary contributions to the British government.

JOURNAL ENTRY
GENERAL JAMES TOWNSHEND

Novr. 25, 1759

"Having Intelligence that the Merchants every greedy of gain to purchase Furs, had Transmitted a good deal of Cash to Montreal, where they were much in want of the Commodity, the Paper Money by Reason of the Ficklish Situation of the Colony being in utter disrepute, and their being by no means in the military Chest a Sufficency to Defray the Contingent expenses of the garrison, to procure what was wanted and Effectually to prevent a Commerce so destructive to us, I this day Published a kind of Proclamation, to encourage the Friends and well wishers of His Majesty to lend what they could afford, for which Col. Burton, the next officer in Command to me and I gave our Bills to be Repaid in Six Months with Intrest at 5 Per Cent. This in a short time procured us so considerable a sum at £8000 which without having recount to further Expedient, will enable us to await the Arrival of the ships and be it Remembered to the Honour of the Highland or 78th Regiment Commanded by Colonel Fraser, that the Non Commission Officers and Private Men of that Single Regiment contributed of that sum £2000."

                                                                                                         [Gen. James Townshend]


Serjeant James Thompson of 78th Regiment further described the event of that cold winter day as follows:

"General Murray, being in want of funds to carry on his government during the winter, summoned all the officers and enquired if they had any money, and if their soldiers had any money that they could lend to the Governor until the supplies arrived from England in the spring. We were told of the wants of the Governor, and the next day we were paraded every man and told that we should receive our money back with interest, as soon as possible; and in order to prevent any mistake, every man received his receipt for his amount, and for fear he should lose it, the Adjutant went along the ranks, and entered in a book the name and sum opposite to every man; and, by the Lord Harry! When they came to count it up, they found that our regiment alone, Fraser’s Highlanders, had mustered six thousand guineas! It was not long after we had lent our money, that one morning a frigate was seen coming round Point Levi with supplies. We were soon afterwards mustered, and every man received back his money with twelve months interest, besides the thanks of the General.”

Source:
General James Townshend, "Journal Commencing From The Surrender Of Quebec, November 25, 1759." LAC, Northcliffe Collection: General Townshend Papers, vol. 15, Microfilm C-369.

Campbell, Jeffrey A. His Majesty's Courageous Highlanders [Createspace Publishing, 2014].

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.

Thursday, February 15, 2018

Letter from Colonel Simon Fraser to General Forbes, Feb. 1758

The following letter, dated 10 February 1758, is from Lt.-Col. Simon Fraser, Second Highland Battalion [78th Regiment], to Colonel John Forbes, Adjutant General. The main body of the letter focuses on the pending litigation against Serjeant Fraser for his involvement in the death of Corporal Mackay [an indictment laid for murder] in Connecticut, both men of the regiment. The colonel appears to be wrestling with the idea of having to turn the serjeant over for civil trial.

Dear Sir

Capt. Crauford Surprized me greatly yesterday by saying you wanted the Monthly Return of our Regiment for the 24th January, that Return I sent as I did the one for the former Month in a sealed Cover to General Webb, & my Servant deliver'd it Sunday was tonight the 29th at the Genl's house to an Elderly Man who seem'd to be a Servant out of livery.

From what you wrote me some weeks ago I was in hopes to have had Orders for Serjeant Fraser's tryal here by a Court Martial or for sending him to New York for that purpose. I have had great difficulty to prevent him being claim'd hitherto, not that they are desirous of trying him, on the contrary they had rather avoid it but they are afraid if they don't claim him he will not be tryed at all & that his guilt will fall upon the land; they declare all they desire is that he shou'd have a fair tryal, & that they woud chuse it shoud be a Military rather than a Civil one, but unleſs some directions are given imediatly about his tryal by a Court Martial, it will be impossible for me to persuade them that it is intended to be done at all; they consider it as a great compliment taking my word for it for some weeks past, during which time they say they have avoided interfering in order to see if My Lord intended a Military trial, for God's sake My Dear Sir, put My Lord in mind to do something about this poor unhappy Man, whose 'twere pity shoud be in the hand of uncultivated creatures, for the King has not a better Soldier.

I find you heard of a Soldiers being given up for a peccadillo at Stanford, it was done without my knowledge & I have since got him released, I don't know how far My Lord will chuse to have Men given up for triffling Offences when the people are capricious enough to desire it, especialy as our united experience thro all the Cantonments proves, that the people of the Country are apt to grow rather insolent upon great indulgence, & that a mixture of the Soure with the Sweet if necessary to keep upon good terms with them.

                                I am with great regard
                                 
                                                               Dear Sir

                                                                        Your most Obedient & most humble
                                                                            Servant S. Fraser

Stratford Febry 10th 1758

Source:
Colonel Simon Fraser, "Letter of Col. Simon Fraser to Colonel Forbes, Adjutant General, at His House in the Broadway or at the Fort, New York." NAS, GD45-2-29, pp. 15-16. 

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018. 

Saturday, February 3, 2018

Colonel Simon Fraser's Recruits

Alexander Fraser [1860-1936], a native of Inverness-shire, who was the first Archivist of Ontario [1903-35], was an acknowledged authority on Scottish history in general and Fraser history in particular. In 1934 he advised a descendant of Malcolm Fraser of Mount Murray that the Rev. Dr. Archibald MacDonald - then quite an old man - had written a short history of the Lords of Lovat. In The Old Lords of Lovat and Beaufort [1934], Dr. MacDonald included the muster roll of 71 recruits raised in 1757 for Colonel Simon Fraser, by James Fraser of Belladrum, as well as extracts of correspondence between Belladrum and Bailie James Fraser, merchant, Inverness, which shed some light on Belladrum's involvement with the Fraser Highlanders. The following except and subsequent soldiers' muster roll originally appeared as part of that publication.

“...In connection with the enlistment of men for the Fraser Highlanders, the following roll of 71 recruits was raised in 1757 by James Fraser of Belladrum, and preserved among the Belladrum papers. The men were drawn chiefly from the district of Inverness, and their interest lies to some extent in the fact that none of them seem to measure more than 5 feet 9-1/2 inches in height.” 

1757, --- Roll of Men Enlisted for the Honble Coll Fraser's Regimt by Jas. Fraser.

Jan 15:
Name: Alex Cameron, Butcher, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 1st

Jan 17:
Jno MacKenzie, Do
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 3d

Jas MacKenzie, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 32
Dn: 3d

Hugh Fraser, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 27
Dn: 3d

Jan 18:
Jno Fraser, Weaver, Do
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 3d

Jno Grant, Duthel
Size: 5: 9
Age: 31
Dn: 1st

Jan 19:
Willm Fraser, Hyrer, Invs
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 33
Dn: 1st

Jan 20
Thos Campbell, Breakachie
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 28
Dn: 3d

Jan 21
Jno McDonald, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 19
Dn: 3d

Jno McDonald, Pyper, Kinchyle
Size: 5: 3
Age: 21
Dn: 2d

Walter Simson, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 5-1/4
Age: 19

Jan 24
Wm Mack Queen, Daviot
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 3d

Jno MacKenzie, from Urray
Size: 5: 3
Age 18
Dn: 3d

Jan 25
Wm Williamson, Castlehill
Size: 5: 5-1/2
Age: 18

Collin McDonald, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 30
Dn: 3d

Jno Shaw, Weaver, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 19

Jan 26:
Alexr Vauss, Kings, Milns
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 27
Dn: 2d

John Fraser, Robbie, Invs
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age, 18

Jan 27
Thomas Fraser, Baker, Do
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age: 15

Alexr Fraser, Do, Do
Size: 5: 1
Age: 16

Dun McTavish, Aberaider
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 23
Dn: 3d

Rod McKenzie, Aberaider
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 18

Angus McArthur, Troternish
Size: 5: 6-1/4
Age: 36
Dn: 3d

Jno Robertson, Bewlie
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 20
Dn: 3d

Jan 28:
Don Fraser, McWilliam, Moniack
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 20
Dn: 3d

Alexr Cameron, Culchuniack
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 19
Dn: 1st

Alexr Vauss, Invs
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 29
Dn: 2d

Geo McKenzie, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 9
Age: 20
Dn: 1st

Jan 29:
Jno McLeod, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 3d

Jan 31:
Alexr Baillie, Invs
Size: 5: 4-1/4
Age: 26
Dn: 3d

Simon Fraser, Culduthell
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 30
Dn: 3d

Jno Fraser, Muirtown
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 18
Dn: 1st

Alexr MackLeod, Joyner
Size: 5: 8
Age: 28
Dn: 1st

Feb 1
Don Cameron. Glenstrafarer
Size: 5: 7
Age: 25
Dn: 1st

Feb 2:
Don Fraser, Croy
Size: 5: 7-1/2
Age: 21
Dn: 1st

Doug McDonald, Invs
Size: 5: 3
Age: 19
Dn: 3d

No. 37

Feb 2:
Archibald Mack Queen, Moy
Size: 5: 7
Age: 38
Dn: 3d

Jany 28:
John Gordon, Duthel
Size: 5: 3
Age: 21

Feb 5:
Alex Munro, Duthel
Size: 5: 3-3/4
Age: 17
Dn: 3d

Feb 7:
Alexr Mackay, Kingussie
Size: 5: 5-1/4
Age: 31
Dn: 4d

Dun McKenzie, Petty
Size: 5: 3-1/4
Age: 18

Jno Fraser, Dunain
Size: 5: 3
Age: 18

Dun Munro, Culkaiback
Size: 5: 5
Age: 18

Feb 9:
Willm Fraser, Cantra
Size: 5: 5-3/4
Age: 20
Dn: 1st

Feb 10:
Andw Mack Lean, Davochgarnoch
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 19

Feb 11:
Alexr Grigor, Croy
Size: 5: 3
Age: 17

Neil Mackleod, Invs
Size: 5: 4
Age: 34

Feb 12:
Jno McDonald senr, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3-1/2
Age: 29
Dn: 3d

Feb 14:
Alex Mackenzie, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 3
Age: 34

Feb 15:
Alex Munro, Weaver, Invs
Size: 5: 9
Age: 22
Dn: 2d

Feb 18:
Murdoch Mackenzie, Do
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 39
Dn: 4d

Feb 3:
James Mackdonald, Do
Size: 5: 1-1/2
Age:

Alex Fraser, Joyner
Size: 5: 1-1/2
Age:
Dn: 2d

Feb 15:
Jno Mack, Crae
Size: 5: 2
Age: 18

Feb 16:
Donald Munro
Size: 5: 2-1/2
Age: 20

Mar 1:
Alexr Fraser, serjeant
Size: 5: 6
Age: 23

Mar 3:
Donald McPherson,
Size: 5: 5
Age: 38

James Glass
Size: 5: 2
Age: 18

Donald McIntosh
Size: 5: 2
Age 17

Mar 9:
Donald Cameron, K's, Milne
Size: 5: 3
Age: 19
Dn: 4th

Feb 24:
Farquhar McGilvray, Moy
Size: 5: 4
Age: 28

Mar 2:
James Gregory
Size: 5: 9
Age: 40
Dn: 3d

Mar 11:
John Fraser, Wright, Culloden
Size: 5: 7-1/2
Age: 40
Dn: 2d

James Forsyth, Croy
Size: 5: 4
Age: 29

Mar 14:
John McDonald, Tobacconist
Size: 5: 6-1/2
Age: 19
Dn: 2d

Kenneth Mackenzie, Petty
Size: 5: 5
Age: 19
Dn: 2d

John Fraser, Culloden, 17 years old
Size: 5: 4-3/4
Age: 37

Mar 19:
Jno Shaw, Edenkilie
Size: 5: 8-3/4
Age: 25
Dn: 3d

Angus McDonell, serj, 26 Janry
Size: 5: 9-1/2
Age: 24
Dn: 4th

No. 70

Mar 29:
Neil Mack Lean, Troternish, Culloden
Size: 5: 4-1/2
Age: 19

Ap 2:
Thomas Fraser, Kinmylies
Size: 5: 6-1/4
Age: 27

Abbreviations:
Dn: Division
Do: Ditto

James Fraser of Belladrum was appointed lieutenant in Col. Fraser's regiment on 4 January 1757 and carried with the colonel on the official Army Lists through 1760, where he is listed as "resigns" from the regiment. He reappears as captain in the 87th Regiment of Foot [or Highland Volunteers, Germany] in 1761, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Murray Keith.

Some historians have asserted these 71 recruits never made it to North America with the main body of Fraser's men and were sent to fight with Belladrum in Germany in 1759. Those claims, however, cannot be substantiated. Serjeants Alexander Fraser [March 1] and Angus McDonell [March 19] both appear with the 78th Regiment on the list of 170 Soldiers Discharged in North America; the former in Colonel Fraser's Company, the latter in Captain Alexander McLeod's Company. Additional sources also describe the original recruits of the 87th Foot as a nucleus of drafts from Lord Murray's supernumeraries of the 42nd Regiment, or Black Watch. 

Because such a limited amount of paperwork relating to the original recruitment of soldiers for Fraser's 78th Highlanders has survived, this document could prove quite valuable in identifying men from the regiment thought to have ancestral roots in northern Scotland.

A check of the records of the Fraser of Belladrum papers at the National Library of Scotland indicates the absence of this original muster roll from the collection, nor can it be confirmed as being held in private hands.

Sources:
Bulloch, John Malcolm. Territorial Soldiering in the North-East of Scotland during 1759-1814 [Aberdeen, 1914].

Marie Fraser, "The Old 78th Regiment of Foot." Clan Fraser Society of Canada, 2001.

Kronoskaf. Origin and History of the 87th Foot. http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=87th_Foot.

MacDonald, Archibald, Reverend. The Old Lords of Lovat and Beaufort [Northern Counties Newspaper and Publishing, 1934].

War Office Records. List of General and Field Officers as they Rank in the Army, 1757-1761 [National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, U.K.]

"Inventory of Family papers of Fraser of Belladrum." NAS, GB233/Acc.11244.

©  Jeffrey Campbell, Fraser's 78th Regiment of Foot, 2018.